English

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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Clipping of chapman (dealer, customer) in 16th-century English.

Noun

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chap (plural chaps)

  1. (dated outside UK and Australia) A man, a fellow.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:man
    Who’s that chap over there?
  2. (UK, dialectal) A customer, a buyer.
    • 1728, John Gay, The Beggar's Opera, Act 3:
      If you have Blacks of any kind, brought in of late; Mantoes--Velvet Scarfs--Petticoats--Let it be what it will--I am your Chap--for all my Ladies are very fond of Mourning.
  3. (Southern US) A child.
Derived terms
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Descendants
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  • Pennsylvania German: Tschaepp (guy)
Translations
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Etymology 2

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From Middle English chappen (to split open, burst, chap), of uncertain origin. Compare Middle English choppen (to chop), Dutch kappen (to cut, chop, hack). Perhaps related to chip.

Verb

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chap (third-person singular simple present chaps, present participle chapping, simple past and past participle chapped)

  1. (intransitive) Of the skin, to split or flake due to cold weather or dryness.
  2. (transitive) To cause to open in slits or chinks; to split; to cause the skin of to crack or become rough.
    • 1712, Richard Blackmore, Creation: A Philosophical Poem:
      Then would unbalanced heat licentious reign, / Crack the dry hill, and chap the russet plain.
    • 1591, John Lyly, Endymion:
      whose fair face neither the summer's blaze can scorch nor winter's blast chap.
  3. (Scotland, Northern England) To strike, knock.
    • 1902, John Buchan, The Outgoing of the Tide:
      And then it seems that through the open door there came the chapping of a clock.
    • 2008, James Kelman, Kieron Smith, Boy, Penguin, published 2009, page 35:
      The door was shut into my class. I had to chap it and then Miss Rankine came and opened it and gived me an angry look []
Derived terms
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Translations
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Noun

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chap (plural chaps)

  1. A cleft, crack, or chink, as in the surface of the earth, or in the skin.
  2. (obsolete) A division; a breach, as in a party.
    • 1655, Thomas Fuller, The Church-history of Britain; [], London: [] Iohn Williams [], →OCLC:
      Many clefts and chaps in our council board.
  3. (Scotland) A blow; a rap.
Derived terms
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Etymology 3

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From Northern English chafts (jaws). Compare also Middle English cheppe (one side of the jaw, chap).

Noun

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chap (plural chaps)

  1. (archaic, often in the plural) The jaw.
  2. One of the jaws or cheeks of a vice, etc.
Derived terms
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Translations
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Etymology 4

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Shortening

Noun

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chap (plural chaps)

  1. (Internet slang) Clipping of chapter (division of a text).

See also

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Anagrams

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Dutch

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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chap m (plural chappen, diminutive chappie n)

  1. Alternative spelling of sjap.

Hokkien

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Etymology 1

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For pronunciation and definitions of chap – see (“juice; gravy; sauce; etc.”).
(This term is the pe̍h-ōe-jī form of ).

Etymology 2

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For pronunciation and definitions of chap – see (“to tie; to bind; bundle; etc.”).
(This term is the pe̍h-ōe-jī form of ).

Polish

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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Onomatopoeic.

Alternative forms

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Interjection

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chap

  1. used to express an unexpected movement involving a sudden grasping of something
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verbs

Etymology 2

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See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

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chap

  1. second-person singular imperative of chapać

Further reading

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  • chap in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • chap in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Scots

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Etymology

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Late Middle English, from Old English *ċeappian, *ċieppan, from Proto-Germanic *kapp-, *kap- (to chop; cut; split), like also English chop. The ultimate origin is uncertain; possibly from Vulgar Latin *cuppare (to behead), from Latin caput (head) and influenced by Old French couper (to strike).[1]

Akin to Saterland Frisian kappe, kapje (to hack; chop; lop off), Dutch kappen (to chop, cut, hew), Middle Low German koppen (to cut off, lop, poll), German Low German kappen (to cut off; clip), German kappen (to cut; clip), German dialectal chapfen (to chop into small pieces), Danish kappe (to cut, lop off, poll), Swedish kapa (to cut), Albanian copë (piece, chunk), Old English *ċippian (attested in forċippian (to cut off)).

Pronunciation

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Verb

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chap

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To knock (on) or strike.

References

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  1. ^ Douglas Harper (2001–2024) “chop”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.

Semai

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Proto-Mon-Khmer *cap ~ *caap (to seize). Cognate with Old Khmer cap (to seize, catch), Kuy caːp (“to catch, hold”).

Verb

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chap[1]

  1. to hold
  2. to catch; to seize
  3. to touch

Synonyms

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Derived terms

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References

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  1. ^ Basrim bin Ngah Aching (2008) Kamus Engròq Semay – Engròq Malaysia, Kamus Bahasa Semai – Bahasa Malaysia, Bangi: Institut Alam dan Tamadun Melayu, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia