EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /t͡ʃæp/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -æp

Etymology 1Edit

Clipping of chapman (dealer, customer) in 16th-century English.

NounEdit

chap (plural chaps)

  1. (dated outside UK and Australia) A man, a fellow.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:man
    Who’s that chap over there?
  2. (UK, dialectal) A customer, a buyer.
    • 1728, John Gay, The Beggar's Opera Act 3
      If you have Blacks of any kind, brought in of late; Mantoes--Velvet Scarfs--Petticoats--Let it be what it will--I am your Chap--for all my Ladies are very fond of Mourning.
  3. (Southern US) A child.
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Pennsylvania German: Tschaepp (guy)
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English chappen (to split open, burst, chap), of uncertain origin. Compare Middle English choppen (to chop), Dutch kappen (to cut, chop, hack). Perhaps related to chip.

VerbEdit

chap (third-person singular simple present chaps, present participle chapping, simple past and past participle chapped)

  1. (intransitive) Of the skin, to split or flake due to cold weather or dryness.
  2. (transitive) To cause to open in slits or chinks; to split; to cause the skin of to crack or become rough.
    • 1712, Richard Blackmore, Creation: A Philosophical Poem
      Then would unbalanced heat licentious reign, / Crack the dry hill, and chap the russet plain.
    • 1591, John Lyly, Endymion
      whose fair face neither the summer's blaze can scorch nor winter's blast chap.
  3. (Scotland, Northern England) To strike, knock.
    • 1902, John Buchan, The Outgoing of the Tide
      And then it seems that through the open door there came the chapping of a clock.
    • 2008, James Kelman, Kieron Smith, Boy, Penguin 2009, page 35:
      The door was shut into my class. I had to chap it and then Miss Rankine came and opened it and gived me an angry look []
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

chap (plural chaps)

  1. A cleft, crack, or chink, as in the surface of the earth, or in the skin.
  2. (obsolete) A division; a breach, as in a party.
  3. (Scotland) A blow; a rap.
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From Northern English chafts (jaws). Compare also Middle English cheppe (one side of the jaw, chap).

NounEdit

chap (plural chaps)

  1. (archaic, often in the plural) The jaw.
  2. One of the jaws or cheeks of a vice, etc.
Related termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

Shortening

NounEdit

chap (plural chaps)

  1. (Internet slang) Clipping of chapter (division of a text).

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

chap m (plural chappen, diminutive chappie n)

  1. Alternative spelling of sjap.

PolishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Onomatopoeic.

Alternative formsEdit

InterjectionEdit

chap

  1. used to express an unexpected movement involving a sudden grasping of something
Related termsEdit
verbs

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

VerbEdit

chap

  1. second-person singular imperative of chapać

Further readingEdit

  • chap in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • chap in Polish dictionaries at PWN

ScotsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Late Middle English, from Old English *ċeappian, *ċieppan, from Proto-Germanic *kapp-, *kap- (to chop; cut; split), like also English chop. The ultimate origin is uncertain; possibly from Vulgar Latin *cuppare (to behead), from Latin caput (head) and influenced by Old French couper (to strike).[1]

Akin to Saterland Frisian kappe, kapje (to hack; chop; lop off), Dutch kappen (to chop, cut, hew), Middle Low German koppen (to cut off, lop, poll), German Low German kappen (to cut off; clip), German kappen (to cut; clip), German dialectal chapfen (to chop into small pieces), Danish kappe (to cut, lop off, poll), Swedish kapa (to cut), Albanian copë (piece, chunk), Old English *ċippian (attested in forċippian (to cut off)).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

chap

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To knock (on) or strike.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Douglas Harper (2001–2023), “chop”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.

SemaiEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Mon-Khmer *cap ~ *caap (to seize). Cognate with Old Khmer cap (to seize, catch), Kuy caːp (“to catch, hold”).

VerbEdit

chap[1]

  1. to hold
  2. to catch; to seize
  3. to touch

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Basrim bin Ngah Aching (2008) Kamus Engròq Semay – Engròq Malaysia, Kamus Bahasa Semai – Bahasa Malaysia, Bangi: Institut Alam dan Tamadun Melayu, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia