See also: Heap and Hieb

EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

From Middle English hepe, from Old English hēap, from Proto-West Germanic *haup, from Proto-Germanic *haupaz (compare Dutch hoop, German Low German Hupen, German Haufen), from Proto-Indo-European *koupos (hill) (compare Lithuanian kaũpas, Albanian qipi (stack), Avestan 𐬐𐬂𐬟𐬀(kåfa)).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

heap (plural heaps)

  1. A crowd; a throng; a multitude or great number of people.
    • 1622 (date written), Francis [Bacon], “An Advertisement Touching an Holy VVarre. []”, in William Rawley, editor, Certaine Miscellany VVorks of the Right Honourable Francis Lo. Verulam, Viscount S. Alban. [], London: [] I. Hauiland for Humphrey Robinson, [], published 1629, OCLC 557721855, page 104:
      A Heap of Vassals, and Slaues: [] A People that is without Naturall Affection, [] A Nation without Morality, without Letters, Arts, or Sciences
    • 1876, Anthony Trollope, Doctor Thorne
      He had plenty of friends, heaps of friends in the parliamentary sense
  2. A pile or mass; a collection of things laid in a body, or thrown together so as to form an elevation.
    a heap of earth; a heap of stones
    • 1697, “(please specify the book number)”, in Virgil; John Dryden, transl., The Works of Virgil: Containing His Pastorals, Georgics, and Æneis. [], London: [] Jacob Tonson, [], OCLC 403869432:
      Huge heaps of slain around the body rise.
    • 2012 May 9, Jonathan Wilson, “Europa League: Radamel Falcao's Atlético Madrid rout Athletic Bilbao”, in the Guardian[1]:
      Every break seemed dangerous and Falcao clearly had the beating of Amorebieta. Others, being forced to stretch a foot behind them to control Arda Turan's 34th-minute cross, might simply have lashed a shot on the turn; Falcao, though, twisted back on to his left foot, leaving Amorebieta in a heap, and thumped in an inevitable finish – his 12th goal in 15 European matches this season.
  3. A great number or large quantity of things.
  4. (computing) A data structure consisting of trees in which each node is greater than all its children.
  5. (computing) Memory that is dynamically allocated.
    You should move these structures from the stack to the heap to avoid a potential stack overflow.
  6. (colloquial) A dilapidated place or vehicle.
    • 1991 May 12, "Kidnapped!" Jeeves and Wooster, Series 2, Episode 5:
      Chuffy: It's on a knife edge at the moment, Bertie. If he can get planning permission, old Stoker's going to take this heap off my hands in return for vast amounts of oof.
    My first car was an old heap.
  7. (colloquial) A lot, a large amount
    Thanks a heap!
    • 1848-50, William Makepeace Thackeray, Pendennis, ch 10:
      [W]e went to the play, and Pen was struck all of a heap with Miss Fotheringay … And he’s fallen in love with her—and I’m blessed if he hasn’t proposed to her …

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit


DescendantsEdit

  • Sranan Tongo: ipi

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

VerbEdit

heap (third-person singular simple present heaps, present participle heaping, simple past and past participle heaped)

  1. (transitive) To pile in a heap.
    He heaped the laundry upon the bed and began folding.
  2. (transitive) To form or round into a heap, as in measuring.
    • 1819, John Keats, Otho the Great, Act I, scene II, verses 40-42
      Cry a reward, to him who shall first bring
      News of that vanished Arabian,
      A full-heap’d helmet of the purest gold.
  3. (transitive) To supply in great quantity.
    They heaped praise upon their newest hero.
    • 2022 January 12, Nigel Harris, “Comment: Unhappy start to 2022”, in RAIL, number 948, page 3:
      Then, in January, a creeping tsunami of train cancellations, triggered by major staff absences as a result of the aggressive transmissibility of Omicron, heaped further misery on rail users.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

AdverbEdit

heap (not comparable)

  1. (offensive, representing broken English pidgin stereotypically or comically attributed to Native Americans) Very.
    • 1980, Joey Lee Dillard, Perspectives on American English (page 417)
      We are all familiar with the stereotyped broken English which writers of Western stories, comic strips, and similar literature put into the mouths of Indians: 'me heap big chief', 'you like um fire water', and so forth.
    • 2004, John Robert Colombo, The Penguin Book of Canadian Jokes (page 175)
      Once upon a time, a Scotsman, an Englishman, and an Irishman are captured by the Red Indians [] He approaches the Englishman, pinches the skin of his upper arm, and says, "Hmmm, heap good skin, nice and thick.

AnagramsEdit


Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-West Germanic *haup, from Proto-Germanic *haupaz.

Cognate with Old Frisian hāp, Old Saxon hōp, Old High German houf. Old Norse hópr differs from the expected form *haupr because it is a borrowing from Middle Low German.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /xæ͜ɑːp/, [hæ͜ɑːp]

NounEdit

hēap m

  1. group
  2. heap

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit


PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English heap

NounEdit

heap m or f (in variation) (plural heaps)

  1. (computing) heap (tree-based data structure)

West FrisianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Frisian hāp, from Proto-West Germanic *haup, from Proto-Germanic *haupaz (heap).

NounEdit

heap c (plural heapen or heappen, diminutive heapke)

  1. heap, pile
  2. mass, gang, horde

Further readingEdit

  • heap”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011