Bulgarian edit

Etymology 1 edit

Prefixal form of the pronoun Bulgarian сам (sam, alone, sole). Cognate with Sanskrit सम्- (saṃ-, whole) (whence Bulgarian санскрит (sanskrit, perfected form)).

Suffix edit

само- (samo-)

  1. solo- (alone, only by oneself)
    In adjectives, participles:
    стоен (stoen, standing)самостоен (samostoen, isolated, standing by itself)
    битен (biten, existential)самобитен (samobiten, distinctive, existing by itself)
    In nouns:
    цел (cel, goal)самоцел (samocel, isolated goal)
    обучение (obučenie, education)самообучение (samoobučenie, self-education, studying alone)
  2. auto- (unassisted, on one's own)
    In adjectives, participles:
    движен (dvižen, driving, mobile)самодвижен (samodvižen, automatic)
    ходен (hoden, walking)самоходен (samohoden, automobile)
    In nouns:
    тек (tek, current, flow)самотек (samotek, inertia, autoflow)
    воз (voz, vehicle)самовоз (samovoz, automobile)
  3. self-, sui- (onto oneself)
    In adjectives, participles:
    отвържен (otvǎržen, cast, ejected) (dialectal)самоотвържен (samootvǎržen, selfless, self-rejecting)
    зает (zaet, employed)самозает (samozaet, self-employed)
    In nouns:
    защита (zaštita, defense)самозащита (samozaštita, self-defense)
    деец (deec, agent, activist)самодеец (samodeec, amateur, self-made man)
Derived terms edit
Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Suffix edit

само- (samo-)

  1. Added to the names of mythological/supernatural entities:
    вила (vila, nymph)самовила (samovila, nymph)
    дива (diva, fairy, nymph)самодива (samodiva, nymph)

Anagrams edit

Macedonian edit

Prefix edit

само- (samo-)

  1. A prefix indicating a reflexive or individual action, akin to self- or auto-.
    само- (samo-) + ‎убиство (ubistvo, murder) → ‎самоубиство (samoubistvo, suicide)

Russian edit

Etymology edit

Prefixed version of сам (sam, self); see there for further information.

Pronunciation edit

Prefix edit

само- (samo-)

  1. auto-, self- (regarding oneself)

Usage notes edit

Derived terms edit

Serbo-Croatian edit

Prefix edit

само- (Latin spelling samo-)

  1. auto-, self- (regarding oneself)

Derived terms edit

Ukrainian edit

Etymology edit

Prefixed version of сам (sam, self); see there for further information.

Pronunciation edit

Prefix edit

само- (samo-)

  1. auto-, self- (regarding oneself)

Derived terms edit