Belarusian edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Slavic *samъ.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [sam]
  • (file)

Pronoun edit

сам (samm

  1. (definitive pronoun, emphatic) self, -self

Declension edit

Bulgarian edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Slavic *samъ.

Adjective edit

сам (sam) (adverb са́мо)

  1. alone, by oneself
  2. the very ..., the ... himself/herself/itself
    на сами́я край
    na samíja kraj
    at the very end
    сама́та жена́ дойде́
    samáta žená dojdé
    the woman herself came
Declension edit
Derived terms edit

References edit

  • сам (прил.)”, in Речник на българския език [Dictionary of the Bulgarian Language] (in Bulgarian), Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 2014
  • сам”, in Речник на българския език [Dictionary of the Bulgarian Language] (in Bulgarian), Chitanka, 2010
  • Racheva, M.; Todorov, T. A., editors (2002), “сам¹”, in Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volume 6 (пỳскам – словàр²), Sofia: Prof. Marin Drinov Pubg. House, →ISBN, page 453

Etymology 2 edit

Inherited from Old Church Slavonic сѣмъ (sěmŭ), an oblique case form of сѣмо (sěmo, here, hither), from Proto-Slavic *sěmo. The unexpected vowel in modern Bulgarian is likely by analogy with там (tam, there) and its derived terms.

Adverb edit

сам (sam) (not comparable) (archaic or dialectal)

  1. with beckoning verbs in the imperative: here, in this place
    Ела́ сам!Elá sam!Come here!
Derived terms edit

References edit

Anagrams edit

Kalmyk edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Mongolic *sam, compare Mongolian сам (sam), Buryat һам (ham), Dongxiang san.

Noun edit

сам (sam)

  1. comb

Macedonian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *samъ.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

сам (sam) (comparative посам, superlative најсам, diminutive самичок, abstract noun самотија)

  1. alone, by oneself

Declension edit

Mansi edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Uralic *śilmä.[1] Cognates include Khanty сем (sem), Hungarian szem, Finnish silmä and Estonian silm.

Noun edit

сам (sam)

  1. eye
  2. seed

Declension edit

Inflection of сам (sam)
singular dual plural
nominative сам (sam) самыг (samyg) самыт (samyt)
locative самт (samt) самыгт (samygt) самытт (samytt)
lative самн (samn) самыгн (samygn) самытн (samytn)
ablative самныл (samnyl) самыгныл (samygnyl) самытныл (samytnyl)
instrumental самыл (samyl) самыгтыл (samygtyl) самытыл (samytyl)
translative самыг (samyg) ―― ――
Possessive forms of сам (sam)
possessor single possession double possession multiple possession
1st person sing. самум (samum) самагум (samagum) саманум (samanum)
2nd person sing. самын (samyn) самагын (samagyn) саман (saman)
3rd person sing. саме (same) самаге (samage) саманэ (samanè)
1st person dual самме̄н (sammēn) самагаме̄н (samagamēn) саманаме̄н (samanamēn)
2nd person dual самы̄н (samȳn) самагы̄н (samagȳn) саманы̄н (samanȳn)
3rd person dual саме̄ (samē) самаге̄н (samagēn) саманэ̄н (samanè̄n)
1st person plural самув (samuw) самагув (samaguw) саманув (samanuw)
2nd person plural самы̄н (samȳn) самагы̄н (samagȳn) саманы̄н (samanȳn)
3rd person plural саманыл (samanyl) самага̄ныл (samagānyl) сама̄ныл (samānyl)

References edit

  • Afanasʹjeva, K. V.; Sobjanina, S. A. (2012), “сам”, in Školʹnyj mansijsko-russkij slovarʹ) [Mansi-Russian school dictionary], Khanty-Mansiysk: RIO IRO
  1. ^ Entry #964 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Hungarian Research Centre for Linguistics.

Mongolian edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Mongolic *sam, compare Buryat һам (ham), Kalmyk сам (sam), Dongxiang san.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

сам (sam) (Mongolian spelling ᠰᠠᠮ (sam), definite plural самнууд); (hidden-n declension)

  1. comb

Derived terms edit

Russian edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *samъ.

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

сам (samm (neuter само́, feminine сама́, plural са́ми)

  1. (definitive pronoun, emphatic) self, -self
    Я сам э́то ви́дел
    Ja sam éto vídel
    I saw it myself.
    Само́ госуда́рство так реши́ло
    Samó gosudárstvo tak rešílo
    The State itself has so decided.

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Southern Yukaghir: сам (sam), саам (sām)

Serbo-Croatian edit

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *samъ.

Adjective edit

са̑м (definite са̑мӣ, Latin spelling sȃm)

  1. alone, sole
  2. the very
  3. unaided, single-handed
  4. absolute, mere, unmixed
  5. solitary, secluded
Declension edit

Etymology 2 edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *(j)esmь, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *esmi, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁es-.

Verb edit

са̏м (Latin spelling sȁm)

  1. first-person singular present enclitic of би̏ти
    Ту сам.I'm here.

Southern Yukaghir edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Russian сам (sam).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈsam]
  • Rhymes: -am
  • Hyphenation: сам

Pronoun edit

сам (sam)

  1. self, -self
    • 2007, M. I. Turpanova, Раньше, когда мы были маленькие [Before, when we were little]:
      Титтэ сам иҥдьэҥитэй, - мони.
      Titte sam iŋdʹeŋitej, - moni.
      They will sew it themselves, - he said.

References edit

  • Elena Maslova (2003) A Grammar of Kolyma Yukaghir, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, →ISBN, page 26

Ukrainian edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Slavic *samъ.

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

сам (samm

  1. (definitive pronoun, emphatic) self, -self

Declension edit

Further reading edit