травить

RussianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *traviti. Cognate with Old Church Slavonic травити (traviti), Ukrainian трави́ти (travýty), Serbo-Croatian тра́вити (first singular тра̑ви̑м), Czech tráviti, Slovak trávit᾽, Polish trawić (first singular trawię). Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *terh₃- (to hurt).[1] Further cognate with Ancient Greek τρώω (trṓō, to hurt), τιτρώσκω (titrṓskō), τρύ̄ω (trú̄ō), Old High German drawa (threat), drōа (threat), Old English þrēа (threat, punishment). More distantly related to тере́ть (terétʹ, to rub).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

трави́ть (travítʹimpf

  1. to poison
    трави́ть крыс (тарака́нов)travítʹ krys (tarakánov)to exterminate/destroy rats (cockroaches)
    трави́ть душу кому́-либоtravítʹ dušu komú-liboto make someone feel sore at heart; disturb someone's peace of mind
    Perfective: отрави́ть (otravítʹ)
  2. to etch
    Perfective: вы́травить (výtravitʹ)
  3. (grass) to trample down, to spoil, to damage
    Perfective: потрави́ть (potravítʹ)
  4. to hunt
    трави́ть соба́камиtravítʹ sobákamito set the dogs (on)
    Perfective: затрави́ть (zatravítʹ)
  5. to persecute, to badger, to torment
    Perfective: затрави́ть (zatravítʹ)
  6. (nautical) to pay out, to slacken out, to slack away, to ease out, to veer
    бы́стро трави́тьbýstro travítʹto slack away roundly
  7. (colloquial) to tell
    трави́ть анекдо́тыtravítʹ anekdótyto tell jokes
    трави́ть ба́йкиtravítʹ bájkito tell tall tales

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

imperfective

perfective

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) , “травить”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress
  1. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001) , “*terh₃”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, page 577