See also: Hurt and húrt

EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

From Middle English hurten, hirten, hertan (to injure, scathe, knock together), from Old Northern French hurter ("to ram into, strike, collide with"; > Modern French heurter), perhaps from Frankish *hūrt (a battering ram), cognate with Welsh hwrdd (ram) and Cornish hordh (ram). Compare Proto-Germanic *hrūtaną, *hreutaną (to fall, beat), from Proto-Indo-European *krew- (to fall, beat, smash, strike, break); however, the earliest instances of the verb in Middle English are as old as those found in Old French, which leads to the possibility that the Middle English word may instead be a reflex of an unrecorded Old English *hyrtan, which later merged with the Old French verb. Germanic cognates include Dutch horten (to push against, strike), Middle Low German hurten (to run at, collide with), Middle High German hurten (to push, bump, attack, storm, invade), Old Norse hrútr (battering ram).

Alternate etymology traces Old Northern French hurter rather to Old Norse hrútr (ram (male sheep)), lengthened-grade variant of hjǫrtr (stag),[1] from Proto-Germanic *herutuz, *herutaz (hart, male deer), which would relate it to English hart (male deer). See hart.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

hurt (third-person singular simple present hurts, present participle hurting, simple past and past participle hurt)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To cause (a person or animal) physical pain and/or injury.
    If anybody hurts my little brother, I will get upset.
    This injection might hurt a little.
  2. (transitive, intransitive) To cause (somebody) emotional pain.
    He was deeply hurt he hadn’t been invited.
    The insult hurt.
  3. (intransitive) To be painful.
    Does your leg still hurt? / It is starting to feel better.
  4. (transitive, intransitive) To damage, harm, impair, undermine, impede.
    This latest gaffe hurts the legislator’s reelection prospects still further.
    Copying and pasting identical portions of source code hurts maintainability, because the programmer has to keep all those copies synchronized.
    Every little hurts.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

AdjectiveEdit

hurt (comparative more hurt, superlative most hurt)

  1. Wounded, physically injured.
  2. Pained.

SynonymsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

NounEdit

hurt (plural hurts)

  1. An emotional or psychological humiliation or bad experience.
    how to overcome old hurts of the past
  2. (archaic) A bodily injury causing pain; a wound or bruise.
  3. (archaic) Injury; damage; detriment; harm
  4. (heraldry) A roundel azure (blue circular spot).
  5. (engineering) A band on a trip-hammer helve, bearing the trunnions.
  6. A husk.

TranslationsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ D.Q. Adams, Encyclopeida of Indo-European Culture, s.v. "horn" (London: Fitzroy-Dearborn, 1999), 273.

AnagramsEdit


ChineseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English hurt.

PronunciationEdit


VerbEdit

hurt

  1. (Hong Kong Cantonese) to hurt someone emotionally

AdjectiveEdit

hurt (Hong Kong Cantonese)

  1. causing emotional hurt or damage
  2. (of person) emotionally hurt

GermanEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

hurt

  1. inflection of huren:
    1. third-person singular present
    2. second-person plural present
    3. plural imperative

Middle EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Either borrowed from Old French hurt or a back-formation from hurten.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

hurt (plural hurtes)

  1. Injury, harm or damage; that which is detrimental:
    1. A wound or disease; damage to one's body.
    2. Monetary loss; damage to one's finances.
    3. (law) A transgression; the act of violating.
    4. (rare) Spiritual damage.
  2. (rare) A blunder or that which causes one.
  3. (rare) Sadness, distress, confusion.
DescendantsEdit
  • English: hurt
  • Scots: hurt
ReferencesEdit

Etymology 2Edit

VerbEdit

hurt

  1. Alternative form of hurten

PolishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Middle High German hurt.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

hurt m inan

  1. wholesale

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

adjective
nouns

Further readingEdit

  • hurt in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • hurt in Polish dictionaries at PWN