See also: Hurt and húrt

EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

From Middle English hurten, hirten, hertan (to injure, scathe, knock together), from Old Northern French hurter ("to ram into, strike, collide with"; > Modern French heurter), perhaps from Frankish *hūrt (a battering ram), from Proto-Germanic *hrūtaną, *hreutaną (to fall, beat), from Proto-Indo-European *krew- (to fall, beat, smash, strike, break); however, the earliest instances of the verb in Middle English are as old as those found in Old French, which leads to the possibility that the Middle English word may instead be a reflex of an unrecorded Old English *hȳrtan, which later merged with the Old French verb. Germanic cognates include Dutch horten (to push against, strike), Middle Low German hurten (to run at, collide with), Middle High German hurten (to push, bump, attack, storm, invade), Old Norse hrútr (battering ram).

Alternate etymology traces Old Northern French hurter rather to Old Norse hrútr (ram (male sheep)), lengthened-grade variant of hjǫrtr (stag),[1] from Proto-Germanic *herutuz, *herutaz (hart, male deer), which would relate it to English hart (male deer). See hart.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

hurt (third-person singular simple present hurts, present participle hurting, simple past and past participle hurt)

  1. (transitive) To cause (a creature) physical pain and/or injury.
    If anybody hurts my little brother, I will get upset.
  2. (transitive) To cause (somebody) emotional pain.
    He was deeply hurt he hadn’t been invited.
  3. (intransitive) To be painful.
    Does your leg still hurt? / It is starting to feel better.
  4. (transitive) To damage, harm, impair, undermine, impede.
    This latest gaffe hurts the legislator’s reelection prospects still further.
    Copying and pasting identical portions of source code hurts maintainability, because the programmer has to keep all those copies synchronized.
    c. 1382–1395, John Wycliffe [et al.], Josiah Forshall and Frederic Madden, editors, The Holy Bible, [], volume IV (in Middle English), Oxford: At the University Press, published 1850, OCLC 459166891, Apocalypse II:11, page 643, column 1:
    He that hath eeris, here he, what the spirit seith to the chirchis. He that ouercometh, schal not be hirt of the secounde deth.
    He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; He that overcometh shall not be hurt of the second death.
    • 1568, William Cornishe, “A treatise betwene Trouth, and Information”, in J[ohn] S[tow], editor, Pithy Pleasaunt and Profitable Workes of Maister Skelton, Poete Laureate, London, OCLC 54747393; republished as Pithy Pleasaunt and Profitable Workes of Maister Skelton, Poete Laureate to King Henry the VIIIth, London: Printed for C. Davis in Pater-noster Row, 1736, OCLC 731569711, page 290:
      The Harpe. [] A harper with his wreſt maye tune the harpe wrong / Mys tunying of an Inſtrument ſhal hurt a true ſonge

SynonymsEdit

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See alsoEdit

AdjectiveEdit

hurt (comparative more hurt, superlative most hurt)

  1. Wounded, physically injured.
  2. Pained.

SynonymsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

NounEdit

hurt (plural hurts)

  1. An emotional or psychological humiliation or bad experience.
  2. (archaic) A bodily injury causing pain; a wound or bruise.
    • 1605, Shakespeare, King Lear vii
      I have received a hurt.
    • 1631, [Francis Bacon], “7. Century.”, in Sylua Syluarum: Or A Naturall Historie. In Ten Centuries. [], 3rd edition, London: [] VVilliam Rawley; [p]rinted by J[ohn] H[aviland] for William Lee [], OCLC 1044372886:
      The cause is a temperate conglutination ; for both bodies are clammy and viscous , and do bridle the deflux of humours to the hurts , without penning them in too much
    • 1693, [John Locke], “§107”, in Some Thoughts Concerning Education, London: [] A[wnsham] and J[ohn] Churchill, [], OCLC 1161614482:
      The pains of sickness and hurts [] all men feel.
  3. (archaic) injury; damage; detriment; harm
  4. (heraldry) A roundel azure (blue circular spot).
  5. (engineering) A band on a trip-hammer helve, bearing the trunnions.
  6. A husk.

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Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ D.Q. Adams, Encyclopeida of Indo-European Culture, s.v. "horn" (London: Fitzroy-Dearborn, 1999), 273.

AnagramsEdit


PolishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German hurt.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

hurt m inan

  1. wholesale

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • hurt in Polish dictionaries at PWN