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ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Armenian բարձր (barjr).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Eastern Armenian, standard) IPA(key): [ˈbɑɾt͡sʰəɾ]
  • (file)

AdjectiveEdit

բարձր (barjr) (superlative ամենաբարձր)

  1. high, tall, elevated
    բարձր շենքbarjr šenkʿhigh building
    բարձր սարbarjr sarhigh mountain
  2. loud (of voice)
    բարձր ձայնbarjr jaynloud voice
  3. (figuratively) sublime, grand, eminent

DeclensionEdit

AntonymsEdit

AdverbEdit

բարձր (barjr)

  1. high; high up
  2. loudly; aloud

Old ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *bʰr̥ǵʰu-r-, from *bʰerǵʰ-, whence also բառնամ (baṙnam); the form -բերձ (-berj) found in compounds is directly from *bʰerǵʰ-.[1][2][3][4][5]

AdjectiveEdit

բարձր (barjr)

  1. high, elevated
    ի բարձուէi barjuēfrom above
    հոսել ի բարձուէhosel i barjuēto fling, to throw from above
    ի ձայն բարձր, բարձր ձայնիւ, ձայնիւ բարձուi jayn barjr, barjr jayniw, jayniw barjualoud, loudly
    բարձր առնելbarjr aṙnelto elevate, to raise on high
    բարձր քանդակbarjr kʿandakrelief, basso-rilievo
  2. (figuratively) sublime, eminent, great, excellent
    բարձր առնելbarjr aṙnelto magnify, to exalt
    բարձր լինիմbarjr linimto be elevated, glorified
    ճանաչեմ զբարձունսčanačʿem zbarjunsto know sublime or profound things
    սեղան բարձրsełan barjrsplendid, sumptuous dinner, banquet
    բարձր ոճbarjr očelevated style

DeclensionEdit

NounEdit

բարձր (barjr)

  1. (usually in the plural) height, top, summit, eminence, elevation; heaven
    թագաւոր բարձանցtʿagawor barjancʿking of heaven
    թռչունք բարձանցtʿṙčʿunkʿ barjancʿbirds of air

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ačaṙyan, Hračʿya (1940) Hayocʿ lezvi patmutʿyun [History of the Armenian Language] (in Armenian), volume I, Yerevan: University Press, pages 40–41
  2. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “բառնալ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press
  3. ^ Fortson, Benjamin W. (2010) Indo-European Language and Culture: An Introduction, second edition, Oxford: Blackwell, page 385
  4. ^ Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “barjr”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 171
  5. ^ J̌ahukyan, Geworg (2010), “բարձր”, in Vahan Sargsyan, editor, Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Asoghik

Further readingEdit

  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “բարձր”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “բարձր”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy