ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Armenian քաղաք (kʿałakʿ); see it for more.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [kʰɑˈʁɑkʰ]
  • (file)

NounEdit

քաղաք (kʿałakʿ)

  1. city; town

Usage notesEdit

In compounds the word often corresponds to English polit- and Russian полито- (polito-), both from Ancient Greek πόλις (pólis).

DeclensionEdit


Old ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Akkadian 𒌷𒆗𒄩 (/Kalakh/, ancient city capital of Assyria on the Tigris), called Calah in the Bible. An Iranian etymology has also been suggested.

NounEdit

քաղաք (kʿałakʿ)

  1. town, city
    թագաւորեալ քաղաքtʿagaworeal kʿałakʿroyal or capital city
    մայր քաղաքացmayr kʿałakʿacʿmetropolis, capital
    ի քաղաքս քաղաքս, ընդ քաղաքաց քաղաքաց, քաղաքի քաղաքիi kʿałakʿs kʿałakʿs, ənd kʿałakʿacʿ kʿałakʿacʿ, kʿałakʿi kʿałakʿiin every city or town, every where
    քաղաքէ ի քաղաքkʿałakʿē i kʿałakʿfrom one town to another
    արտաքս քան զքաղաքնartakʿs kʿan zkʿałakʿnout of town
    բնակիչք քաղաքիbnakičʿkʿ kʿałakʿitownspeople, townsfolk
    վիճակ, սահման քաղաքիvičak, sahman kʿałakʿitownship

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “քաղաք”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “քաղաք”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “քաղաք”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press