AramaicEdit

VerbEdit

זְקַן (zəqan)

  1. (Jewish Babylonian Aramaic) to age

HebrewEdit

Root
ז־ק־ן

NounEdit

זָקָן (zakánm (plural indefinite זְקָנִים‎, singular construct זְקַן־, plural construct זִקְנֵי־‎)

  1. beard
    • Leviticus 19:27, with translation of the Jewish Publication Society:
      לֹא תַקִּפוּ פְּאַת רֹאשְׁכֶם וְלֹא תַשְׁחִית אֵת פְּאַת זְקָנֶךָ׃‎‎
      Lo taqfú pə'at roshkhém, v-ló tashḥít et pə'at zəqanékha
      Ye shall not round the corners of your heads, neither shalt thou mar the corners of thy beard.

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

AdjectiveEdit

זָקֵן (zakén) (feminine זְקֵנָה‎, masculine plural זְקֵנִים‎, feminine plural זְקֵנוֹת‎)

  1. old, elderly, aged

Usage notesEdit

  • This adjective refers only to human beings, animals, and plants. For inanimate objects, the adjective ישן(yashán, old, longstanding) is used.
  • This adjective means “old” specifically in the sense of “elderly”; English old as in (for example) “old enough to drive a car” or “he's older than she is” would usually be translated to Hebrew with the adjective מבוגר(m'vugár, old, adult), and English old as in (for example) “forty years old” would usually be translated to Hebrew with either the masculine noun בן(ben, old, son) or the feminine noun בת(bat, old, daughter).

NounEdit

זָקֵן (zakénm (plural indefinite זְְקֵנִים‎, singular construct זְקַן־, plural construct זִקְנֵי־‎, feminine counterpart זְקֵנָה‎)

  1. old person
  2. elder, sage
    • 1170 CE, Maimonides, Mishneh Torah:
      אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁלֹּא נִכְתְּבָה תּוֹרָה שֶׁבְּעַל פֶּה, לִמְּדָהּ מֹשֶׁה רַבֵּנוּ כֻּלָּהּ בְּבֵית דִּינוֹ לְשִׁבְעִים זְקֵנִים; וְאֶלְעָזָר וּפִינְחָס וִיהוֹשׁוּעַ, שְׁלָשְׁתָּן קִבְּלוּ מִמֹּשֶׁה.‎‎
      ʾaf ʿal pi shelo niḫteva tora shebeʿal fe, limeḏa moshe rabenu kula bebeyṯ dino leshivʿim zeqenim; veʾelʿazar ufinḥam vihoshuʿa shelashtan qibelu mimoshe
      Although the Oral Torah was not written down, Moses taught all of it in his tribunal to seventy elders; and Eliezer and Phinehas and Joshua all received it from Moses.
  3. (Talmudic) grandfather

VerbEdit

זָקַן (zakán) (pa'al construction)

  1. (flowery) to grow old, to grow elderly, to age

ConjugationEdit

SynonymsEdit

AnagramsEdit


YiddishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Hebrew זָקֵן(zakén).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

זקן (zoknm, plural זקנים(zkeynem), feminine זקנה(zkeyne), feminine plural זקנות(zkeynes)

  1. old person
  2. (chess) knight

SynonymsEdit