See also: ت ب ع

ArabicEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From the root ت ب ع(t-b-ʿ).

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)

VerbEdit

تَبِعَ (tabiʿa) I, non-past يَتْبَعُ‎‎ (yatbaʿu)

  1. to follow
ConjugationEdit

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

تَبَع (tabaʿm

  1. verbal noun of تَبِعَ (tabiʿa) (form I)
DeclensionEdit

NounEdit

تَبَع (tabaʿm sg or m pl (collective, singulative تَبَع f (tabaʿ) or تَبَعِيّ‎ f (tabaʿiyy), plural أَتْبَاع(ʾatbāʿ))

  1. follower(s)
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Uncertain. Lane claims that it is from the root ت ب ع(t-b-ʿ), in reference to how when one king died, his successor would follow his policies. The unusual plural pattern suggests a borrowing from Old South Arabian, but the cognate root in those languages likely has the same meaning of "follow", and is only attested in theophoric names.

NounEdit

تُبَّع (tubbaʿm (plural تَبَابِعَة(tabābiʿa))

  1. a king in ancient Yemen; the ruler of Himyar and Hadramawt
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 4Edit

VerbEdit

تَبِعْ (tabiʿ) (form I)

  1. second-person masculine singular non-past active jussive of بَاعَ(bāʿa)
  2. third-person feminine singular non-past active jussive of بَاعَ(bāʿa)

VerbEdit

تُبَعْ (tubaʿ) (form I)

  1. second-person masculine singular non-past passive jussive of بَاعَ(bāʿa)
  2. third-person feminine singular non-past passive jussive of بَاعَ(bāʿa)

ReferencesEdit


North Levantine ArabicEdit

EtymologyEdit

Grammaticalized from Arabic تَبَع(tabaʿ). The feminine form is from Arabic تَبَعِيّ(tabaʿiyy).

PrepositionEdit

تبع (tabaʿm or f or pl (feminine تبعيت(tabʿīt; (rare) tabʿiyyit) or تبعت(tabʿit), plural تَبعُول(tabʿūl))

  1. forms possessive pronouns of all persons with the respective personal suffixes
    هيدي تبعيتي
    haydi tabʿīti.
    This one is mine.
  2. of; used appositively after a noun instead of an ordinary possessive iḍāfa construction
    هيدي التنورة تبعيت إمي
    haydi t-tannūra tabʿīt ʾimmi
    This is my mother’s skirt.
    بَدِّي إستعمل الكمبيوتر تبعكن
    baddi ʾistaʿmil l-kumpyūtar tabaʿkun
    I need to use your computer.

Usage notesEdit

  • The latter construction is particularly common with foreign nouns, as in the example, or with proper nouns. The reason is that adding personal suffixes to these, though perfectly possible, may sound awkward.
  • Some speakers do not inflect the word for gender or number.

SynonymsEdit


South Levantine ArabicEdit

Root
ت ب ع

Etymology 1Edit

Grammaticalized from Arabic تَبَع(tabaʿ).

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ta.baʕ/, [ˈta.baʕ]
  • (file)

PrepositionEdit

تبع (tabaʕm (feminine تبعة(tabʕa), plural تبعون(tabʕūn))

  1. forms possessive pronouns of all persons with the respective personal suffixes
    هادي تبعتي.‎‎
    hādi tabaʕti
    This one is mine.
  2. of; used appositively after a noun instead of an ordinary possessive iḍāfa construction
    هادي التنورة تبعة إمي.‎‎
    hādi t-tannūra tabaʕt ʔimmi
    This is my mother’s skirt.
    بدي أستعمل الكمبيوتر تبعكم.‎‎
    biddi ʔastaʕmel l-kambyūtar tabaʕkom
    I need to use your computer.
Usage notesEdit
  • The latter construction is particularly common with foreign nouns, as in the example, or with proper nouns. The reason is that adding personal suffixes to these, though perfectly possible, may sound awkward.
  • Some speakers do not inflect the word for gender or number.
InflectionEdit
    Inflected forms of تبع
Base form تبع (tabaʕ)
Personal-pronoun-
including forms
singular plural
m f
1st person تبعي(tabaʕi) تبعنا(tabaʕna)
2nd person تبعك(tabaʕak) تبعك(tabaʕek) تبعكم(tabaʕkom)
3rd person تبعه(tabaʕo) تبعها(tabaʕha) تبعهم(tabaʕhom)

Etymology 2Edit

From Arabic تَبِعَ(tabiʿa).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ta.baʕ/, [ˈta.baʕ]
  • (file)

VerbEdit

تبع (tabaʕ) (form I, present بتبع(bitbaʕ), active participle تابع(tābeʕ))

  1. (formal) to follow
  2. (by extension) to depend on, to be a matter of
    هادا تابع لذوق الواحد.‎‎
    hāda tābeʕ la-zōʔ il-wāḥad
    It's a matter of individual taste.
ConjugationEdit
    Conjugation of تبع (tabaʕ)
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m تبعت (tabaʕt) تبعت (tabaʕt) تبع (tabaʕ) تبعنا (tabaʕna) تبعتو (tabaʕtu) تبعو (tabaʕu)
f تبعتي (tabaʕti) تبعت (tabʕat)
present m بتبع (batbaʕ) بتتبع (btitbaʕ) بتبع (bitbaʕ) منتبع (mnitbaʕ) بتتبعو (btitbaʕu) بتبعو (bitbaʕu)
f بتتبعي (btitbaʕi) بتتبع (btitbaʕ)
subjunctive m أتبع (ʔatbaʕ) تتبع (titbaʕ) يتبع (yitbaʕ) نتبع (nitbaʕ) تتبعو (titbaʕu) يتبعو (yitbaʕu)
f تتبعي (titbaʕi) تتبع (titbaʕ)
imperative m اتبع (itbaʕ) اتبعو (itbaʕu)
f اتبعي (itbaʕi)

ReferencesEdit

  • Tiedemann, Fridrik E. (2015) The 101 Most Used Verbs in Spoken Arabic: Jordan & Palestine, Amman