See also: پد

ArabicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the root ب د د(b-d-d). The meaning idol is from Persian بُتْ(bot).

NounEdit

بُدّ (buddm (plural بِدَدَة(bidada) or أَبْدَاد(ʾabdād))

  1. escape, means of avoiding something
    لَا بُدَّ مِن كَذَا
    lā budda min kaḏā
    there is no avoiding such a thing, such a thing is inevitable
  2. flight
  3. separation
  4. part, portion
  5. equivalent, substitute
  6. idol

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit


North Levantine ArabicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic بِوِدِّ(biwiddi).

PrepositionEdit

بد (badd, bidd)

  1. want to
    بدي شوفك كل يوم، يا حبيبي
    Baddi šūfak kill yōm, ya ḥabībi.
    I want to see you every day, my dear.
  2. should; need
    شو بدنا نئللو؟‎‎
    Šu badna nʾil-lu?
    What should we tell him?

Usage notesEdit

  • The past is formed by adding كان(kēn), which originally would be left unchanged, but is now equally commonly conjugated. Thus: كان بدي شوفك (kēn baddi šūfak) or كنت بدي شوفك (kint baddi šūfak), both “I wanted to see you.”

Ottoman TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Persian بد(bad).

AdjectiveEdit

بد (bed)

  1. bad

PashtoEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /bəd/
  • (file)

AdjectiveEdit

بد (bëd)

  1. bad

DeclensionEdit

AdverbEdit

بد (bad)

  1. badly

PersianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Persian SLYA / wt' (wad, bad, evil), known not to descend from a Proto-Indo-European *bʰodʰ-, rather from *wed(h)-. Akin to Old Armenian վատ (vat), an Iranian borrowing. Unrelated to English bad, despite phonetic and semantic identity.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

بد (bad) (comparative بدتر‎, superlative بدترین‎)

  1. bad; not good
  2. evil
AntonymsEdit

AdverbEdit

بد (bad)

  1. poorly, badly

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • MacKenzie, D. N. (1971) , “wad”, in A concise Pahlavi dictionary, London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press, page 85

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle Persian -pt' (-bed), from Proto-Iranian [Term?] (compare Old Armenian պետ (pet), an Iranian borrowing), from Proto-Indo-European *pótis (master).

NounEdit

بد (-bad, -bed, -bod)

  1. lord, master

ReferencesEdit


South Levantine ArabicEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

بِدّ (bidd)

  1. want
    بَدِّي أَشُوفَك كُلّ يُوم يَا حَبِيبِي.‎‎
    biddī ašūfak kull yōm yā ḥabībī.
    I want to see you every day, my dear.

UrduEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Persian بد(bad).

AdjectiveEdit

بد (bad) (Hindi spelling बद)

  1. bad
  2. evil
  3. wicked
  4. inauspicious

Etymology 2Edit

From Sanskrit वृन्ध (vṛndha).

NounEdit

بد (badm (Hindi spelling बद)

  1. bubo