See also: پد

ArabicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the root ب د د(b-d-d). The meaning idol is from Persian بُتْ(bot).

NounEdit

بُدّ (buddm (plural بِدَدَة(bidada) or أَبْدَاد(ʾabdād))

  1. escape, means of avoiding something
    لَا بُدَّ مِن كَذَا
    lā budda min kaḏā
    there is no avoiding such a thing, such a thing is inevitable
  2. flight
  3. separation
  4. part, portion
  5. equivalent, substitute
  6. idol

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit


North Levantine ArabicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic بِوِدِّ(biwiddi).

PrepositionEdit

بد (badd, bidd)

  1. want to
    بدي شوفك كل يوم، يا حبيبي
    Baddi šūfak kill yōm, ya ḥabībi.
    I want to see you every day, my dear.
  2. should; need
    شو بدنا نئللو؟‎‎
    Šu badna nʾil-lu?
    What should we tell him?

Usage notesEdit

  • The past is formed by adding كان(kēn), which originally would be left unchanged, but is now equally commonly conjugated. Thus: كان بدي شوفك (kēn baddi šūfak) or كنت بدي شوفك (kint baddi šūfak), both “I wanted to see you.”

Ottoman TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Persian بد(bad).

AdjectiveEdit

بد (bed)

  1. bad

PashtoEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /bəd/
  • (file)

AdjectiveEdit

بد (bëd)

  1. bad

DeclensionEdit

AdverbEdit

بد (bad)

  1. badly

PersianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Persian SLYA / wt' (wad, bad, evil), known not to descend from a Proto-Indo-European *bʰodʰ-, rather from *wed(h)-. Akin to Old Armenian վատ (vat), an Iranian borrowing. Unrelated to English bad, despite phonetic and semantic identity.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

بد (bad) (comparative بدتَر(bad-tar), superlative بدتَرین(bad-tarin))

  1. bad; not good
  2. evil
AntonymsEdit

AdverbEdit

بد (bad)

  1. poorly, badly

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • MacKenzie, D. N. (1971), “wad”, in A concise Pahlavi dictionary, London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press, page 85

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle Persian -pt' (-bed), from Proto-Iranian [Term?] (compare Old Armenian պետ (pet), an Iranian borrowing), from Proto-Indo-European *pótis (master).

NounEdit

بد (-bad, -bed, -bod)

  1. lord, master

ReferencesEdit


South Levantine ArabicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic بِوِدِّ(biwiddi).

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

بدّ (bidd-)

  1. (false verb) to want
    بدّك قهوة؟‎‎
    biddak ʔahwe?
    Do you want some coffee?
    بدي أشوفك كل يوم يا حبيبي.‎‎
    biddi ʔašūfak kull yōm ya ḥabībi.
    I want to see you every day, my dear.
    Synonym: حبّ(ḥabb)
  2. (false verb, by extension) to need
    ابني مريض كتير وبدّه دوا صروري.‎‎
    ibni marīḍ ktīr w biddo dawa ḍurūri.
    My son is very sick and needs medicine.
    (literally, “My son is very sick and wants medicine necessarily.”)
    Synonym: احتاج(iḥtāj)
  3. (auxiliary) will, going to
    بدي أمرق لعنده بكرة.‎‎
    biddi ʔamroʔ la-ʕindo bukra.
    I'm going to go to his house tomorrow.
    Synonym: رح(raḥ)

Usage notesEdit

  • Similar to terms like عند(ʕind, to have), the term بدّ(bidd) is "conjugated" with enclitic pronouns. Unlike عند(ʕind), however, بدّ(bidd) has no inherent meaning and can never be used entirely by itself.

InflectionEdit

    Inflected forms of بد
Base form بدّ (bidd)
Personal-pronoun-
including forms
singular plural
m f
1st person بدّي(biddi) بدنا(bidna)
2nd person بدّك(biddak) بدّك(biddek) بدكم(bidkom)
3rd person بدّه(biddo) بدها(bidha) بدهم(bidhom)

UrduEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Persian بد(bad).

AdjectiveEdit

بد (bad) (Hindi spelling बद)

  1. bad
  2. evil
  3. wicked
  4. inauspicious

Etymology 2Edit

From Sanskrit वृन्ध (vṛndha).

NounEdit

بد (badm (Hindi spelling बद)

  1. bubo