ArabicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the root س ر د(s-r-d).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

سَرَدَ (sarada) I, non-past يَسْرُدُ‎‎ (yasrudu)

  1. to narrate, to report, to tell
    Synonyms: قَصَّ(qaṣṣa), رَوَى(rawā)
  2. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ConjugationEdit

NounEdit

سَرْد (sardm

  1. verbal noun of سَرَدَ (sarada) (form I)

DeclensionEdit


PersianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Persian slt' (/sard/, cold), from Old Persian [Term?], from Proto-Iranian [Term?], from Proto-Indo-Iranian [Term?], from Proto-Indo-European [Term?]. Compare Avestan 𐬯𐬀𐬭𐬆𐬙𐬀(sarəta, cold) and Sanskrit शीत (śīta, cold).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

Dari Persian سرد
Iranian Persian
Tajik сард (sard)

سرد (sard) (comparative سردتَر(sard-tar), superlative سردتَرین(sard-tarin))

  1. cold (of temperature)
    • c. 1260, Rumi, “3:3239”, in The Masnavi:
      دست و رو را شست او زان آب سرد.‎‎
      dast o ru-râ šost u z-ân âb-e sard.
      he washed his hands and face with that cold water.
      (Reynold A. Nicholson translation)
    Antonym: گرم(garm, warm)
  2. (figuratively) unenthusiastic, lukewarm, discouraged
    Antonym: گرم(garm, warm, enthusiastic)
  3. (figuratively) cold, bitter
    آه سرد‎ ― âh-e sardbitter sigh

Derived termsEdit


UrduEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Sanskrit शरद् (śarad)

NounEdit

سرد (saradf (Hindi spelling सरद)

  1. autumn
  2. fall (season)

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from Persian سرد‎.

AdjectiveEdit

سرد (sard) (Hindi spelling सर्द)

  1. cold
    Synonym: ٹھنڈا(ṭhaṇḍā)

ReferencesEdit

  • John T. Platts (accessed 07-31-2012), “A Dictionary of Urdu, Classical Hindi, and English”, in (please provide the title of the work)[1]