ArabicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the root س ر د(s-r-d).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

سَرَدَ (sarada) I, non-past يَسْرُدُ‎‎ (yasrudu)

  1. to narrate, to report, to tell
    Synonyms: قَصَّ(qaṣṣa), رَوَى(rawā)
  2. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ConjugationEdit

NounEdit

سَرْد (sardm

  1. verbal noun of سَرَدَ (sarada) (form I)

DeclensionEdit


PersianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Persian slt' (/sard/, cold), from Old Persian [Term?], from Proto-Iranian [Term?], from Proto-Indo-Iranian [Term?], from from Proto-Indo-European [Term?]. Compare Avestan 𐬯𐬀𐬭𐬆𐬙𐬀(sarəta, cold) and Sanskrit शीत (śīta, cold).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

Dari Persian سرد
Iranian Persian
Tajik сард (sard)

سرد (sard) (comparative سردتَر(sard-tar), superlative سردتَرین(sard-tarin))

  1. cold (of temperature)
    • c. 1260, Rumi, “3:3239”, in The Masnavi:
      دست و رو را شست او زان آب سرد.‎‎
      dast o ru-râ šost u z-ân âb-e sard.
      he washed his hands and face with that cold water.
      (Reynold A. Nicholson translation)
    Antonym: گرم(garm, warm)
  2. (figuratively) unenthusiastic, lukewarm, discouraged
    Antonym: گرم(garm, warm, enthusiastic)
  3. (figuratively) cold, bitter
    آه سرد‎ ― âh-e sardbitter sigh

Derived termsEdit


UrduEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Sanskrit शरद् (śarad)

NounEdit

سرد (saradf (Hindi spelling सरद)

  1. autumn
  2. fall (season)

Etymology 2Edit

From Persian سرد

AdjectiveEdit

سرد (sard) (Hindi spelling सर्द)

  1. cold
    Synonym: ٹھنڈا(ṭhaṇḍā)

ReferencesEdit

  • John T. Platts (accessed 07-31-2012), “A Dictionary of Urdu, Classical Hindi, and English”, in (please provide the title of the work)[1]