سمندر

PashtoEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

From Hindi समन्दर (samandar) and Urdu سمندر(samandar), ultimately from Sanskrit समुद्र (samudra).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

سمندر (samandarm

  1. ocean

PersianEdit

 
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Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Long considered a compound from سام(sâm, fire, flame), and اندر(andar, inside) by most Persian dictionaries. [1]

This would make sense because a synonym of salamander in Persian is آذرشین(âzaršin, literally fire sitter)[2] and this animal has been long featured in Persian mythology and Persian literature.

However, Dehkhoda rejects this derivation, and says that it is folk etymology; as سمندر(samandar), is most likely from Ancient Greek σαλαμάνδρα (salamándra).[3] But the origin of the Greek term is uncertain and there is a small possibility that it is from Persian.

NounEdit

سمندر (samandar)

  1. salamander
    • 9th century, Rudaki
      به آتش درون بر مثال سمندر
      به آب اندرون بر مثال نهنگان
      ba ātaš darōn bar misāl-ī samadar, ba āb andarōn bar misāl-ī nahangān
      in fire like a salamander, in water like a whale
  2. a mythological fire-dwelling creature which will die should it leave the fire

DescendantsEdit

  • Azerbaijani: səməndər
  • Ottoman Turkish: سمندر(semender)

ReferencesEdit