See also: گرڈ and کرد

Central Kurdish edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

گرد (gird)

  1. hill (elevated location)

Khalaj edit

Noun edit

گَرد (gərd) (definite accusative گَردی, plural گَردلَر)

  1. Arabic spelling of gərd (dust)

Declension edit

Persian edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle Persian [script needed] (wrd-), [script needed] (wlt- /⁠ward-⁠/, to turn, twist, writhe), from Old Persian 𐎺𐎼𐎫 (vart-), from the Proto-Iranian root *wart- (to turn), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *wart-, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *wert- (to turn, rotate).[1][2]

Cognates include Sanskrit वर्त्ति (vártti), वर्तते (vártate, to turn, roll), Proto-Slavic *vьrtě̀ti (to turn), Latin vertere (to turn), German werden (to turn (into), become), English worth; also Avestan 𐬬𐬀𐬭𐬆𐬙- (varət-), Khotanese [script needed] (bal- /⁠baḍ-⁠/, to move, writhe), Parthian [script needed] (wrt-), [script needed] (wrd-), Sogdian wrtn.

Pronunciation edit

 

Readings
Classical reading? gird
Dari reading? gird
Iranian reading? gerd
Tajik reading? gird

Adjective edit

Dari گرد
Iranian Persian
Tajik гирд

گرد (gerd)

  1. round, circular
Derived terms edit
Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Middle Persian [script needed] (gard, dust),[3] ultimately from the same root as the verb گَشتَن (gaštan, to wander around).

Pronunciation edit

 

Readings
Classical reading? gard
Dari reading? gard
Iranian reading? gard
Tajik reading? gard

Noun edit

گرد (gard)

  1. dust
  2. powder
Related terms edit
Descendants edit
  • Khalaj: gərd

Etymology 3 edit

From Middle Persian [script needed] (gurd, hero).[4]

Pronunciation edit

 

Readings
Classical reading? gurd
Dari reading? gurd
Iranian reading? gord
Tajik reading? gurd

Noun edit

گرد (gord)

  1. hero

Etymology 4 edit

From Middle Persian 𐭪𐭫𐭲 (-klt /⁠-kirt, -gird⁠/), from Old Persian [script needed] (-kṛta, made, done), from Proto-Iranian *-kr̥táh, from the adjective *kr̥táh (made, done) (compare Avestan 𐬐𐬆𐬭𐬆𐬙𐬀 (kərəta), Old Persian 𐎣𐎼𐎫 (k-r-t /⁠karta⁠/), Inscriptional Parthian -𐭊𐭓𐭕 (-krt /⁠-kirt, -gird⁠/)), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *kr̥tás (compare Sanskrit कृत (kṛtá)), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *kʷr̥tós, from the root *kʷer- (to do, make).

Alternative forms edit

Suffix edit

گرد (-gerd or -gard)

  1. Suffix used to form city names.
Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ Cheung, Johnny (2007) “*u̯art”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 423–425
  2. ^ Nourai, Ali (2011) An Etymological Dictionary of Persian, English and other Indo-European Languages, page 514
  3. ^ MacKenzie, D. N. (1971) “gard”, in A concise Pahlavi dictionary, London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press, page 35
  4. ^ MacKenzie, D. N. (1971) “gurd”, in A concise Pahlavi dictionary, London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press, page 38