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Classical SyriacEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Semitic *rūḥ- (to blow, breathe; spirit); cognate with Arabic رُوح(rūḥ), Hebrew רוּחַ(rûaḥ).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Classical Syriac) IPA(key): [ˈru.ħɑ]
  • (Eastern Syriac) IPA(key): [ˈru.xɑ]
  • (Western Syriac) IPA(key): [ˈru.ħo]

NounEdit

ܪܘܚܐ (rūḥāf (plural ܪܘܚܐ (rūḥē) or ܪܘܚܬܐ(rūḥāṯā) or ܪܘܚܢܐ(rūḥānē))

  1. spirit, specter/spectre, ghost, demon
  2. life, breath
  3. wind, vapor/vapour
  4. (geography) cardinal direction
  5. flatulence
  6. smell, odor/odour
  7. pain
Usage notesEdit

Though this word is feminine, ܪܘܚܐ ܕܩܘܕܫܐ(rūḥā ḏə-quḏšā, Holy Spirit) is masculine.

InflectionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From the root ܪ-ܘ-ܚ(r-w-ḥ), related to expanding.

PronunciationEdit

  • (Classical Syriac) IPA(key): [r(ə.)ˈwɑ.ħɑ]
  • (Eastern Syriac) IPA(key): [ˈrwɑ.xɑ]
  • (Western Syriac) IPA(key): [ˈrwo.ħo]

NounEdit

ܪܘܚܐ (rəwāḥā) m (uncountable)

  1. joy
  2. (grammar, orthography) name of a vowel mark equivalent to /o/
InflectionEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From the root ܪ-ܘ-ܚ(r-w-ḥ), related to expanding.

PronunciationEdit

  • (Classical Syriac) IPA(key): [ˈraw.ħɑ]
  • (Eastern Syriac) IPA(key): [ˈrɑw.xɑ]
  • (Western Syriac) IPA(key): [ˈrɑw.ħo]

NounEdit

ܪܘܚܐ (rawḥām (plural ܪܘܚܐ (rawḥē))

  1. space, interstice
InflectionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • rwḥ”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–, retrieved 2012-05-29
  • Costaz, Louis (2002) Dictionnaire syriaque-français : Syriac–English Dictionary : قاموس سرياني-عربي, 3rd edition, Beirut: Dar El-Machreq, page 341a-b
  • Payne Smith, Jessie (1903) A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of R. Payne Smith, D.D., Oxford: Clarendon Press, pages 533b-534a
  • Sokoloff, Michael (2009) A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, Winona Lake, Indiana; Piscataway, New Jersey: Eisenbrauns; Gorgias Press, pages 1445b-1446a