ܫܒܬܐ

Assyrian Neo-AramaicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Aramaic שַׁבְּתָא(šabbəṯā); compare Arabic السَّبْت(as-sabt) and Hebrew שַׁבָּת(šabbāṯ).

PronunciationEdit

  • (standard) IPA(key): [ʃab.ta]
  • (Nineveh Plains) IPA(key): [ʃab.θa]

Proper nounEdit

ܫܲܒܬܵܐ (šābtaf

  1. Saturday: the day of the week following Friday and proceeding Saturday, and (together with Sunday) forming part of the weekend.
    ܒܩܲܝܕܵܡܬܵܐ، ܙܒ݂ܝܼܢܝܼ ܚܲܡܫܵܐ ܚܲܒܘܼܫܹ̈ܐ، ܬܪܹܝܢ ܡܘܿܙܹ̈ܐ، ܚܲܠܒ݂ܵܐ، ܘܒܝܼܥܹ̈ܐ ܡ̣ܢ ܫܘܼܩܵܐ ܕܫܲܒܬܵܐ.‎‎ ― In the morning, I bought five apples, two bananas, milk and eggs from the Saturday market.
  2. Sabbath: a day of religious observance and abstinence from work, kept by Jewish people from Friday evening to Saturday evening, and by most Christians on Sunday.
    • Luke 23:56:
      ܕܝܼܪܗܘܿܢ ܘܗܘܼܕܸܪܗܘܿܢ ܒܸܣܡܹ̈ܐ ܘܗܹܪ̈ܘܿܡܹܐ، ܘܒܫܲܒܬܵܐ ܫܠܹܐ ܠܗܘܿܢ ܐܲܝܟ݂ ܦܘܼܩܕܵܢܵܐ.‎‎
      diron w-hudirron bisme w-herome, w-b-šābta šlelon ayḳ puqdana.
      Then they returned and prepared spices and fragrant oils. And they rested on the Sabbath according to the commandment.

NounEdit

ܫܲܒܬܵܐ (šābtaf

  1. weekend: Saturday and Sunday, together regarded as a time for leisure.
  2. week
    Synonym: ܫܵܒ݂ܘܿܥܵܐ(šāwuʿa)

See alsoEdit

(days of the week) ܝܘܵܡܵܢܹ̈ܐ ܕܫܲܒ݂ܘܼܥܵܐ(yawmane d-šāwuʿa); ܚܲܕ݇ܒ݂ܫܵܒܵܐ(ḳāwšaba), ܬܪܹܝܢ݇ܒ݂ܫܵܒܵܐ(trēwšaba), ܬܠܵܬܵܒ݂ܫܵܒܵܐ(tlatawšaba), ܐܲܪܒܥܵܒ݂ܫܵܒܵܐ(ārbʿawšaba), ܚܲܡܫܵܒ݂ܫܵܒܵܐ(ḳāmšawšaba), ܥܪܘܼܒ݂ܬܵܐ(ʿruwta), ܫܲܒܬܵܐ (šābta) (Category: aii:Days of the week)


Classical SyriacEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Compare Arabic السَّبْت(as-sabt) and Hebrew שַׁבָּת(šabbāṯ).

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ܫܒܬܐ (šabbəṯāf (plural ܫܒܐ‎)

  1. Sabbath, Saturday
  2. week
    Synonym: ܫܒܘܥܐ
InflectionEdit
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Akkadian 𒅆𒂍𒌈 (/šibittu/); cognate to Persian شوید(ševid), Hebrew שֶׁבֶת(šéḇeṯ), Jewish Babylonian Aramaic שִׁיבְתָא(šiḇəṯā), Old Armenian սամիթ (samitʿ). Arabic شِبِثّ(šibiṯṯ) comes via Aramaic.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ܫܒܬܐ (šəḇettā) f (uncountable)

  1. dill

ReferencesEdit

  • šbh”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • šbt”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • Costaz, Louis (2002) Dictionnaire syriaque-français ∙ Syriac–English Dictionary ∙ قاموس سرياني-عربي, 3rd edition, Beirut: Dar El-Machreq, page 356a, 358b
  • Payne Smith, Jessie (1903) A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of R. Payne Smith, D.D., Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 558a
  • Sokoloff, Michael (2009) A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, Winona Lake, Indiana; Piscataway, New Jersey: Eisenbrauns; Gorgias Press, page 1507a

TuroyoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Aramaic ܫܒܬܐ(šabbəṯā).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ܫܰܒܬ݂ܳܐ (šabṯom (plural ܫܰܒܶܐ(šabe))

  1. week
  2. Saturday

See alsoEdit