Hindi edit

Etymology edit

Learned borrowing from Sanskrit क्षण (kṣaṇa). Compare Rajasthani छण (chaṇ), Gujarati ક્ષણ (kṣaṇ), Chinese 剎那刹那 (chànà). Doublet of छिन (chin).

Pronunciation edit

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /kʂəɳ/, [kʃɐ̃ɳ]

Noun edit

क्षण (kṣaṇm (Urdu spelling کشن)

  1. instant, blink of an eye (a short amount of time)
  2. moment

Declension edit

References edit

Marathi edit

Etymology edit

Learned borrowing from Sanskrit क्षण (kṣaṇa). Compare Rajasthani छण (chaṇ), Gujarati ક્ષણ (kṣaṇ), Chinese 剎那刹那 (chànà).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /kʂəɳ/
  • (file)

Noun edit

क्षण (kṣaṇm

  1. moment, instant (a short amount of time)

Declension edit

Declension of क्षण (masc cons-stem)
direct
singular
क्षण
kṣaṇ
direct
plural
क्षण
kṣaṇ
singular
एकवचन
plural
अनेकवचन
nominative
प्रथमा
क्षण
kṣaṇ
क्षण
kṣaṇ
oblique
सामान्यरूप
क्षणा
kṣaṇā
क्षणां-
kṣaṇān-
acc. / dative
द्वितीया / चतुर्थी
क्षणाला
kṣaṇālā
क्षणांना
kṣaṇānnā
ergative क्षणाने, क्षणानं
kṣaṇāne, kṣaṇāna
क्षणांनी
kṣaṇānnī
instrumental क्षणाशी
kṣaṇāśī
क्षणांशी
kṣaṇānśī
locative
सप्तमी
क्षणात
kṣaṇāt
क्षणांत
kṣaṇāt
vocative
संबोधन
क्षणा
kṣaṇā
क्षणांनो
kṣaṇānno
Oblique Note: The oblique case precedes all postpositions.
There is no space between the stem and the postposition.
Locative Note: -त (-ta) is a postposition.
Genitive declension of क्षण (masc cons-stem)
masculine object
पुल्लिंगी कर्म
feminine object
स्त्रीलिंगी कर्म
neuter object
नपुसकलिंगी कर्म
oblique
सामान्यरूप
singular
एकवचन
plural
अनेकवचन
singular
एकवचन
plural
अनेकवचन
singular*
एकवचन
plural
अनेकवचन
singular subject
एकवचनी कर्ता
क्षणाचा
kṣaṇāċā
क्षणाचे
kṣaṇāċe
क्षणाची
kṣaṇācī
क्षणाच्या
kṣaṇācā
क्षणाचे, क्षणाचं
kṣaṇāċe, kṣaṇāċa
क्षणाची
kṣaṇācī
क्षणाच्या
kṣaṇācā
plural subject
अनेकवचनी कर्ता
क्षणांचा
kṣaṇānċā
क्षणांचे
kṣaṇānċe
क्षणांची
kṣaṇāñcī
क्षणांच्या
kṣaṇāncā
क्षणांचे, क्षणांचं
kṣaṇānċe, kṣaṇānċa
क्षणांची
kṣaṇāñcī
क्षणांच्या
kṣaṇāñcā
* Note: Word-final (e) in neuter words is alternatively written with the anusvara and pronounced as (a).
Oblique Note: For most postpostions, the oblique genitive can be optionally inserted between the stem and the postposition.

References edit

  • Berntsen, Maxine, “क्षण”, in A Basic Marathi-English Dictionary, New Delhi: American Institute of Indian Studies, 1982-1983.
  • Molesworth, James Thomas (1857), “क्षण”, in A dictionary, Marathi and English, Bombay: Printed for government at the Bombay Education Society's Press

Sanskrit edit

Alternative scripts edit

Etymology edit

Related to अक्षि (akṣi, eye).[1] Compare German Augenblick (instant, moment) for similar semantic development from the same root.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

क्षण (kṣaṇa) stemm

  1. any instantaneous point of time, an instant, a moment
  2. leisure moment, vacant time
  3. a suitable or fit moment, an opportunity
  4. a festival

Declension edit

Masculine a-stem declension of क्षण (kṣaṇa)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative क्षणः
kṣaṇaḥ
क्षणौ / क्षणा¹
kṣaṇau / kṣaṇā¹
क्षणाः / क्षणासः¹
kṣaṇāḥ / kṣaṇāsaḥ¹
Vocative क्षण
kṣaṇa
क्षणौ / क्षणा¹
kṣaṇau / kṣaṇā¹
क्षणाः / क्षणासः¹
kṣaṇāḥ / kṣaṇāsaḥ¹
Accusative क्षणम्
kṣaṇam
क्षणौ / क्षणा¹
kṣaṇau / kṣaṇā¹
क्षणान्
kṣaṇān
Instrumental क्षणेन
kṣaṇena
क्षणाभ्याम्
kṣaṇābhyām
क्षणैः / क्षणेभिः¹
kṣaṇaiḥ / kṣaṇebhiḥ¹
Dative क्षणाय
kṣaṇāya
क्षणाभ्याम्
kṣaṇābhyām
क्षणेभ्यः
kṣaṇebhyaḥ
Ablative क्षणात्
kṣaṇāt
क्षणाभ्याम्
kṣaṇābhyām
क्षणेभ्यः
kṣaṇebhyaḥ
Genitive क्षणस्य
kṣaṇasya
क्षणयोः
kṣaṇayoḥ
क्षणानाम्
kṣaṇānām
Locative क्षणे
kṣaṇe
क्षणयोः
kṣaṇayoḥ
क्षणेषु
kṣaṇeṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Descendants edit

References edit

  1. ^ Mayrhofer, Manfred (2001), “KVAN-kṣatrapa-”, in Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan]‎[1] (in German), volume 3, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 131