देखना

HindiEdit

Hindi verb set
दिखना (dikhnā)
देखना (dekhnā)
दिखाना (dikhānā)
दिखवाना (dikhvānā)

EtymologyEdit

Inherited from Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀤𑁂𑀓𑁆𑀔𑀤𑀺 (dekkhadi), from Ashokan Prakrit 𑀤𑁂𑀔𑀢𑀺 (dekhati /dekkhati/), 𑀤𑀔𑀢𑀺 (dakhati /dakkhati/), from Sanskrit *देक्षति (dekṣati), *दृक्षति (dṛkṣati), somehow related to the root दृश् (dṛś). Cognate with Nepali देख्नु (dekhnu), Bengali দেখা (dekha), Sinhalese දකිනවා (dakinawā).

Turner suggests that -e- developed from analogy with Sanskrit प्रेक्षते (prekṣate, to see),[1] which is from प्रेक्ष् (prekṣ, to look, regard), a compound of प्र- (pra-) + ईक्ष् (īkṣ, to see, look).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /d̪eːkʰ.nɑː/, [d̪eːkʰ.n̪äː]
  • (file)

VerbEdit

देखना (dekhnā) (transitive, Urdu spelling دیکھنا‎)

  1. to see, look, watch
    तू क्या देख रहा है?
    tū kyā dekh rahā hai?
    What are you looking at?
  2. to consider, ponder
  3. to meet
    Synonym: मिलना (milnā)
  4. to look after, take care
    Synonyms: ध्यान रखना (dhyān rakhnā), सम्हलना (samhalnā)

ConjugationEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Turner, Ralph Lilley (1969–1985), “*dr̥kṣati”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press

Further readingEdit

  • Hardev Bahri (2013), “देखना”, in राजपाल हिंदी शब्दकोश, Rajpal and Sons, →ISBN