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HindiEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Sanskrit द्वार (dvā́ra), from Proto-Indo-Aryan *d(ʰ)wā́ram, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *dʰwā́ram, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰworom (enclosure, courtyard, i.e. something enclosed by the door), from *dʰwor-, *dʰwer-.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

द्वार (dvārm (Urdu spelling دوار)

  1. door
    वह एक गुप्त द्वार से निकल गया।
    vah ek gupt dvār se nikal gayā.
    He escaped from a secret door.
  2. gate, opening; any means of entrance
    यह दर्रा भारत का द्वार है।
    yah darrā bhārat kā dvār hai.
    This pass is a gateway to India.
  3. way, means
    धन कमाने का एक ही द्वार है।
    dhan kamāne kā ek hī dvār hai.
    There is only one way to earn money.

DeclensionEdit

Declension of द्वार
Singular Plural
Direct द्वार (dvār) द्वार (dvār)
Oblique द्वार (dvār) द्वारों (dvārõ)
Vocative द्वार (dvār) द्वारो (dvāro)

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Bahri, Hardev (1989), “द्वार”, in Siksarthi Hindi-Angrejhi Sabdakosa [Learners' Hindi-English Dictionary], Delhi: Rajpal & Sons
  • Platts, John T. (1884), “द्वार”, in A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English, London: W. H. Allen & co.

PaliEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

द्वार n

  1. Devanagari script form of dvāra

DeclensionEdit


SanskritEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *d(ʰ)wā́ram, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *dʰwā́ram (compare Avestan 𐬛𐬎𐬎𐬀𐬭𐬆𐬨 (duuarəm), Old Persian 𐎯𐎺𐎼𐎹𐎠 (duvar-, door, gate)), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰworom (enclosure, courtyard, i.e. something enclosed by the door), accusative of *dʰwer-. Cognate with Old Church Slavonic дворъ (dvorŭ, court, courtyard), Latin forum (forum, market-place) and Lithuanian dvãras (estate). This Proto-Indo-European neuter is a derivation of the basic feminine root noun *dʰwer-, *dʰwor- (door, gate) that also gave Sanskrit द्वार् (dvā́r).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /d̪ʋɑ́ː.ɽɐ/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈd̪ʋɑː.ɽɐ/
  • NounEdit

    द्वार (dvā́ran

    1. door, gate, passage, entrance (ŚBr., ĀśvGṛ., Mn., MBh. etc.)
    2. opening, aperture (especially of the human body compare नवद्वार (náva-dvāra), Up., Suśr. etc.)
    3. a way, means, medium (MBh., Kāv., Pañc. etc; the māheśvaras hold that there are 6 dvāras or means of obtaining religious ecstasy - Sarvad.)
      द्वारेण (dvāreṇa)by means of, with regard or according to
    4. name of a Gandharva (R.)

    DeclensionEdit

    Neuter a-stem declension of द्वार
    Nom. sg. द्वारम् (dvāram)
    Gen. sg. द्वारस्य (dvārasya)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative द्वारम् (dvāram) द्वारे (dvāre) द्वाराणि (dvārāṇi)
    Vocative द्वार (dvāra) द्वारे (dvāre) द्वाराणि (dvārāṇi)
    Accusative द्वारम् (dvāram) द्वारे (dvāre) द्वाराणि (dvārāṇi)
    Instrumental द्वारेण (dvāreṇa) द्वाराभ्याम् (dvārābhyām) द्वारैः (dvāraiḥ)
    Dative द्वाराय (dvārāya) द्वाराभ्याम् (dvārābhyām) द्वारेभ्यः (dvārebhyaḥ)
    Ablative द्वारात् (dvārāt) द्वाराभ्याम् (dvārābhyām) द्वारेभ्यः (dvārebhyaḥ)
    Genitive द्वारस्य (dvārasya) द्वारयोः (dvārayoḥ) द्वाराणाम् (dvārāṇām)
    Locative द्वारे (dvāre) द्वारयोः (dvārayoḥ) द्वारेषु (dvāreṣu)


    DescendantsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0504