See also: BLAST, bläst, blåst, blæst, -blast, and blast-

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English blast from Old English blǣst (blowing, blast), from Proto-Germanic *blēstaz, *blēstuz (blowing, blast). Cognate with obsolete German Blast (wind, blowing). More at blow.

NounEdit

blast (plural blasts)

  1. A violent gust of wind.
    • (Can we date this quote by Thomson and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      And see where surly Winter passes off, / Far to the north, and calls his ruffian blasts; / His blasts obey, and quit the howling hill.
  2. A forcible stream of gas or liquid from an orifice, for example from a bellows, the mouth, etc.
  3. A hit from a pipe.
  4. The continuous blowing to which one charge of ore or metal is subjected in a furnace
    many tons of iron were melted at a blast
    • 1957, H.R. Schubert, History of the British Iron and Steel Industry, p. 146:
      Blast was produced by bellows worked by four 'blowers', three of whom worked at a time while the fourth stood ready to replace one of the others.
  5. The exhaust steam from an engine, driving a column of air out of a boiler chimney, and thus creating an intense draught through the fire; also, any draught produced by the blast.
  6. An explosion, especially for the purpose of destroying a mass of rock, etc.
    • 2006, Edwin Black, chapter 1, in Internal Combustion[1]:
      Blast after blast, fiery outbreak after fiery outbreak, like a flaming barrage from within, [] most of Edison's grounds soon became an inferno.  As though on an incendiary rampage, the fires systematically devoured the contents of Edison's headquarters and facilities.
  7. An explosive charge for blasting.
    • (Can we date this quote by Tomlinson and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      Large blasts are often used.
  8. A loud, sudden sound.
  9. A sudden, pernicious effect, as if by a noxious wind, especially on animals and plants; a blight.
  10. (figuratively, informal) A good time; an enjoyable moment.
    We had a blast at the party last night.
  11. (marketing) A promotional message sent to an entire mailing list.
    an e-mail blast; a fax blast
  12. A flatulent disease of sheep.
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English blasten, blesten, from Old English blǣstan (to blow, blast), from Proto-Germanic *blēstijaną. Compare Middle High German blesten (to stand out, plop, splash).

VerbEdit

blast (third-person singular simple present blasts, present participle blasting, simple past and past participle blasted)

  1. (transitive) To make an impression on, by making a loud blast or din.
  2. (intransitive) To make a loud noise.
  3. (transitive) To shatter, as if by an explosion.
  4. (transitive) To open up a hole in, usually by means of a sudden and imprecise method (such as an explosion).
    Blast right through it.
  5. (transitive) To curse; to damn.
    Blast it! Foiled again.
  6. (transitive) (sci-fi) To shoot, especially with an energy weapon (as opposed to one which fires projectiles).
    Chewbacca blasted the Stormtroopers with his laser rifle.
  7. (soccer) To shoot; kick the ball in hope of scoring a goal.
    • 2010 December 29, Chris Whyatt, “Chelsea 1 - 0 Bolton”, in BBC[3]:
      A Ricketts and Stuart Holden one-two around the box then created a decent chance for an almost instant equaliser - but Welsh full-back Ricketts blasted over when a calmer finish could have been rewarded.
  8. To criticize or reprimand severely; to verbally discipline or punish.
    My manager suddenly blasted me yesterday for being a little late to work for five days in a row, because I was never getting myself up on time.
  9. (transitive) To blight or wither.
    A cold wind blasted the rose plants.
  10. (intransitive, obsolete) To be blighted or withered.
    • c. 1592, Walter Raleigh, “The Lie”, in (Please provide the book title or journal name), published 1608:
      Tell age it daily wasteth;
      tell honour how it alters;
      Tell beauty how she blasteth;
      tell fauour how it falters:
      And as they shall reply,
      giue euery one the lye.
    The bud blasted in the blossom.
  11. (obsolete, intransitive) To blow, for example on a trumpet.
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Italian: blastare
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

InterjectionEdit

blast

  1. (Britain, informal) To show displeasure; damn
Usage notesEdit

Can be used on its own or in the form "blast it!".

TranslationsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From Ancient Greek βλαστός (blastós, germ or sprout).

NounEdit

blast (plural blasts)

  1. (cytology) An immature or undifferentiated cell (e.g., lymphoblast, myeloblast).
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

From BLAST (an acronym for Basic Local Alignment Search Tool).

VerbEdit

blast (third-person singular simple present blasts, present participle blasting, simple past and past participle blasted)

  1. (biology, informal, transitive) To run a nucleotide sequence (for nucleic acids) or an amino acid sequence (for proteins) through a BLAST (Basic Local Alignment Search Tool).
    • 2004, Andreas Bommarius and ‎Bettina Riebel-Bommarius, Biocatalysis: Fundamentals and Applications, p. 425:
      Blasting nucleotide sequences is not always that easy, because there is more ambiguity to the nucleotide sequence, and good hits have to have a 70% homology over the whole sequence to be reliable, compared to 25% with proteins.

Alternative formsEdit

AnagramsEdit


GermanEdit

VerbEdit

blast

  1. Second-person plural present of blasen.
  2. Imperative plural of blasen.

IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek βλαστός (blastós, germ, sprout).

NounEdit

blast m (genitive singular blast, nominative plural blastaí)

  1. (cytology) blast

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
blast bhlast mblast
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Middle EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old English blǣst, from Proto-Germanic *blēstuz; equivalent to blasen +‎ -th.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

blast (plural blastes)

  1. A blast; a sudden and forceful motion of wind.
  2. One's breathing or respiring; the act of respiration.
  3. The blast produced by a musical instrument.
  4. An emission or expulsion of fire or flames.
  5. The sound produced by thunder or storms.
  6. (rare) The making of a pronouncement or proclamation.
  7. (rare) One's spiritual essence; the soul.
  8. (rare) A striking or attack.
  9. (rare) Flatulence; the making of a fart.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit


SwedishEdit

NounEdit

blast c (definite form blasten)

  1. (uncountable) The stem and leaves of a vegetable, of which you're only supposed to eat the root. E.g. in potatoes or carrots.