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EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English, from Old French noise (a dispute, wrangle, strife, noise); origin uncertain; according to some, from Latin nausia, nausea (disgust, nausea); according to others, from Latin noxia (hurt, harm, damage, injury); but neither explanation is satisfactory in regard to either form or sense. Possible borrowing from Breton NOAZ "dispute" akin to Welsh NWYD "envy" and Irish NITH "fight" all possibly from ancient Celtic *NITOS/NITIS "fight". The Celtic names NITIO-GENNA and NITIO-BROGOS would be then "born from the fight(er)" and "land of the fight(er)".

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

noise (countable and uncountable, plural noises)

  1. Various sounds, usually unwanted or unpleasant.
    He knew that it was trash day, when the garbage collectors made all the noise.
    • Francis Bacon (1561-1626)
      The heavens turn about in a most rapid motion without noise to us perceived.
    • 1959, Georgette Heyer, chapter 1, in The Unknown Ajax:
      Charles had not been employed above six months at Darracott Place, but he was not such a whopstraw as to make the least noise in the performance of his duties when his lordship was out of humour.
  2. Sound or signal generated by random fluctuations.
  3. (technology) Unwanted part of a signal. (Signal to noise ratio)
  4. (genetics) The measured level of variation in gene expression among cells, regardless of source, within a supposedly identical population.
  5. Rumour or complaint.
    The problems with the new computer system are causing a lot of noise at Head Office.
    • T. Baker
      What noise have we had about transplantation of diseases and transfusion of blood!
    • Spectator
      Socrates lived in Athens during the great plague which has made so much noise in all ages.
  6. (obsolete) Music, in general; a concert; also, a company of musicians; a band.
    • Ben Jonson (1572-1637)
      The king has his noise of gypsies.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Milton to this entry?)
  7. (music) A genre of rock music that uses static and other non-musical sounds, also influenced by art rock.

SynonymsEdit

HyponymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

ReferencesEdit

(Genetics meaning) "Noise in Gene Expression: Origins, Consequences, and Control." Jonathan M. Raser and Erin K. O'Shea (2005). Science. 309(5743):2010-2013.

VerbEdit

noise (third-person singular simple present noises, present participle noising, simple past and past participle noised)

  1. (intransitive) To make a noise; to sound.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Milton to this entry?)
  2. (transitive) To spread news of; to spread as rumor or gossip.
    • 1526, William Tyndale, trans. Bible, Acts II:
      When this was noysed aboute, the multitude cam togedder and were astonyed, because that every man herde them speake in his awne tongue.

TranslationsEdit

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French noise, possibly from Latin nausia, nausea, or alternatively noxia.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

noise f (plural noises)

  1. (archaic or literary) quarrel, argument

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


Middle FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Old French noise.

NounEdit

noise f (plural noises)

  1. noise

DescendantsEdit


Old FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Origin uncertain; according to some, from Latin nausia, nausea (disgust, nausea), compare Old Provençal nauza (noise, quarrel); according to others, from Latin noxia (hurt, harm, damage, injury); but neither explanation is satisfactory in regard to either form or sense.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

noise f (oblique plural noises, nominative singular noise, nominative plural noises)

  1. dispute, argument
  2. noise, sound

DescendantsEdit