See also: , नृ, ने, नै, and
Devanagari n.svg
U+0928, न
DEVANAGARI LETTER NA

[U+0927]
Devanagari
[U+0929]

TranslingualEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

(na)

  1. A letter of the Devanagari alphabet representing the sound /n/.

See alsoEdit

Ligatures:


HindiEdit

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /nə/, [n̪ə]

LetterEdit

(na)

  1. the twentieth consonant of Hindi

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Inherited from Sanskrit (na).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /nɑː/, [n̪äː], /nə/, [n̪ə]

While the second pronunciation is the expected one for the particle, the first, with a long "ā", is more common.

ParticleEdit

(na) (Urdu spelling نہ‎)

  1. not, do not
    कृपया पीजिए!kŕpyā n pījie!Please, do not drink [it]!
  2. isn't it?
    मेरा नाम बहुत लम्बा है, ?
    merā nām bahut lambā hai, n?
    My name is very long, isn't it?
Usage notesEdit

(na) is used in sudden situations, and normally shows alarm. A less urgent alternative is मत (mat).

SynonymsEdit


MarathiEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /nə/
  • (file)

LetterEdit

(na)

  1. The nineteenth consonant of Marathi.

NepaliEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

(na)

  1. The twentieth consonant in Nepali.

PaliEdit

Alternative formsEdit

ParticleEdit

  1. Devanagari script form of na

AdjectiveEdit

  1. Devanagari script form of na (“that”)

DeclensionEdit

PronounEdit

 m

  1. Devanagari script form of na (“him, it, that”)

DeclensionEdit

PronounEdit

 n

  1. Devanagari script form of na (“it, that”)

DeclensionEdit


RauteEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ŋa-j ~ ka. Cognate with Chinese ().

PronounEdit

(na)

  1. I

Further readingEdit

  • Encounter with the Raute: The Last Hunting Nomads of Nepal (1976)
  • ASJP

SanskritEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *ná, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ná, from Proto-Indo-European *né. Cognate with Latin ne, English no.

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

()

  1. no, not

ParticleEdit

()

  1. (when used with an interrogative) no, not, none, no one, nothing, never, etc.
    सा वस्वी अस्ति॥
    sā́ vásvī ásti.
    She is not good.

DescendantsEdit

  • Dardic:
    • Gawar-Bati: [script needed] (na)
    • Indus Kohistani: [script needed] (na)
    • Kalami: [script needed] (na)
    • Khowar: [script needed] (na), [script needed] (no)
    • Kashmiri: [script needed] (na)
    • Kohistani Shina: [script needed] (na)
    • Northeast Pashayi: [Term?] (na)
    • Northwest Pashayi: [script needed] (na)
    • Phalura: [script needed] (na)
    • Shina: [script needed] (na)
    • Southeast Pashayi: [script needed] (na)
    • Southwest Pashayi: [script needed] (na)
    • Tirahi: [script needed] ()
    • Torwali: [script needed] (na)
    • Wotapuri-Katarqalai: [script needed] (na)
  • Helu:
    • Dhivehi: ނަ(na)
    • Sinhalese: (na)
  • Magadhi Prakrit: 𑀡 (ṇa), 𑀡𑀸 (ṇā)
  • Maharastri Prakrit: 𑀡 (ṇa), 𑀡𑀸 (ṇā)
  • Pali: na
  • Sauraseni Prakrit: 𑀡 (ṇa), 𑀡𑀸 (ṇā)

ReferencesEdit

  • Turner, Ralph Lilley (1969–1985), “”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press