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SanskritEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *Hnā́ma, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hnā́ma, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁nómn̥ (name). Cognate with Ancient Greek ὄνομα (ónoma), Latin nōmen, Avestan 𐬥𐬁𐬨𐬀𐬥(nāman), Old Persian 𐎴𐎠𐎶 (n-a-m /nāma/) (whence Persian نام(nâm)), Hittite 𒆷𒀀𒈠𒀭 (lāman), Old English nama (whence English name).

Alternative scriptsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

नामन् (nā́mann

  1. name, personal name, appellation
    नाम अधात्nā́ma ádhāthe gave a name
    (with √kṛ or √vi-dhā) — to call by a name
  2. a characteristic mark or sign, form, nature, kind, manner
  3. merely the name (as opposed to reality; compare नामधारक (nāmadhāraka), नाममात्र (nāmamātra), नामशेष (nāmaśeṣa) etc.)
  4. (grammar) a noun (as opposed to a verb)
  5. substance, essence (in the mīmāṃsā philosophy opposed to guṇa, accidental quality)
  6. a good or great name, renown, fame (only at the end of a compound; compare श्वनामन् (śvanāman), सुमन्तुनामन् (sumantunāman))

DeclensionEdit

Neuter an-stem declension of नामन् (nā́man)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative नाम
nā́ma
नाम्नी / नामनी
nā́mnī / nā́manī
नामानि
nā́māni
Vocative नामन् / नाम
nā́man / nā́ma
नाम्नी / नामनी
nā́mnī / nā́manī
नामानि
nā́māni
Accusative नाम
nā́ma
नाम्नी / नामनी
nā́mnī / nā́manī
नामानि
nā́māni
Instrumental नाम्ना
nā́mnā
नामभ्याम्
nā́mabhyām
नामभिः
nā́mabhiḥ
Dative नाम्ने
nā́mne
नामभ्याम्
nā́mabhyām
नामभ्यः
nā́mabhyaḥ
Ablative नाम्नः
nā́mnaḥ
नामभ्याम्
nā́mabhyām
नामभ्यः
nā́mabhyaḥ
Genitive नाम्नः
nā́mnaḥ
नाम्नोः
nā́mnoḥ
नाम्नाम्
nā́mnām
Locative नाम्नि / नामनि
nā́mni / nā́mani
नाम्नोः
nā́mnoḥ
नामसु
nā́masu

Borrowed termsEdit

  • Khmer: នាម (niəm)
  • Kannada: ನಾಮ (nāma)
  • Malay: nama
  • Southwestern Tai: [Term?]
  • Telugu: నామము (nāmamu)

DescendantsEdit

  • Ardhamagadhi Prakrit: 𑀡𑀸𑀫 (ṇāma)
  • Dardic: *nā́ma
    • Domaaki: [script needed] (nōm)
    • Gawar-Bati: [script needed] (nam)
    • Indus Kohistani: [script needed] (nã̄)
    • Kalami: [script needed] (nām)
    • Kalasha: [script needed] (nom)
    • Kashmiri: ناو(nāv)
    • Khowar: [script needed] (nam)
    • Kohistani Shina: [script needed] (nōm)
    • Northeast Pashayi: [Term?] (nōm)
    • Northwest Pashayi: [script needed] (nām)
    • Phalura: [script needed] (nō̃)
    • Shina: [script needed] (nom)
    • Shumashti: [script needed] (nām)
    • Tirahi: [script needed] (nām)
    • Torwali: [script needed] (nām)
    • Wotapuri-Katarqalai: [script needed] (nām)
  • Helu:
  • Magadhi Prakrit: 𑀡𑀸𑀫 (ṇāma)
  • Maharastri Prakrit: 𑀡𑀸𑀫 (ṇāma)
  • Pali: nāma
  • Sauraseni Prakrit: 𑀡𑀸𑀫 (ṇāma)

ReferencesEdit