Open main menu

Wiktionary β

See also: όνομα

Contents

Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

PIE word
*h₁nómn̥

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁nómn̥ (name). Cognate with Phrygian ονομαν (onoman), Old English nama (English name), Sanskrit नामन् (nā́man), Latin nōmen, Old Armenian անուն (anun), Old Irish ainm, and Old Church Slavonic имѧ (imę).

PronunciationEdit

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /ó.no.ma/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈo.no.ma/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈo.no.ma/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈo.no.ma/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈo.no.ma/
  • NounEdit

    ὄνομᾰ (ónoman (genitive ὀνόμᾰτος); third declension

    1. name
    2. fame (compare English make a name for oneself)
    3. (grammar) noun, in the wide sense: referring to most word classes that are declined for case and number – a substantive (English noun), an adjective, or a pronoun – but excluding the relative pronoun ὅς (hós) and the article (ho)
      • 170 BCE – 90 BCE, Dionysius Thrax, Art of Grammar
        Ὄνομά ἐστι μέρος λόγου πτωτικόν, σῶμα ἢ πρᾶγμα σημαῖνον, σῶμα μὲν οἷον λίθος, πρᾶγμα δὲ οἷον παιδεία, κοινῶς τε καὶ ἰδίως λεγόμενον, κοινῶς μὲν οἷον ἄνθρωπος ἵππος, ἰδίως δὲ οἷον Σωκράτης. παρέπεται δὲ τῷ ὀνόματι πέντε· γένη, εἴδη, σχήματα, ἀριθμοί, πτώσεις.
        Ónomá esti méros lógou ptōtikón, sôma ḕ prâgma sēmaînon, sôma mèn hoîon líthos, prâgma dè hoîon paideía, koinôs te kaì idíōs legómenon, koinôs mèn hoîon ánthrōpos híppos, idíōs dè hoîon Sōkrátēs. parépetai dè tôi onómati pénte; génē, eídē, skhḗmata, arithmoí, ptṓseis.
        • 1874 translation by Thomas Davidson
          A Noun is a declinable part of speech, signifying something either concrete or abstract (concrete, as stone; abstract, as education); common or proper (common, as man, horse; proper, as Socrates, Plato). It has five accidents: genders, species, forms, numbers, and cases.
    4. (grammar) phrase

    InflectionEdit

    HyponymsEdit

    grammar, noun:

    Derived termsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    ReferencesEdit