See also: όνομα

Ancient Greek edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

PIE word
*h₁nómn̥

From Proto-Hellenic *ónomə, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃nómn̥ (name). Cognate with Phrygian ονομαν (onoman), Latin nōmen, Old Irish ainm, Old English nama (English name), Old Church Slavonic имѧ (imę), Old Armenian անուն (anun), Persianنام(nām), Sanskrit नामन् (nā́man).

Pronunciation edit

 

Noun edit

ὄνομᾰ (ónoman (genitive ὀνόμᾰτος); third declension

  1. name
  2. fame (compare English make a name for oneself)
  3. (grammar) noun, in the wide sense: referring to most word classes that are declined for case and number – a substantive (English noun), an adjective, or a pronoun – but excluding the relative pronoun ὅς (hós) and the article (ho)
    • 170 BCE – 90 BCE, Dionysius Thrax, Art of Grammar :
      Ὄνομά ἐστι μέρος λόγου πτωτικόν, σῶμα ἢ πρᾶγμα σημαῖνον, σῶμα μὲν οἷον λίθος, πρᾶγμα δὲ οἷον παιδεία, κοινῶς τε καὶ ἰδίως λεγόμενον, κοινῶς μὲν οἷον ἄνθρωπος ἵππος, ἰδίως δὲ οἷον Σωκράτης. παρέπεται δὲ τῷ ὀνόματι πέντε· γένη, εἴδη, σχήματα, ἀριθμοί, πτώσεις.
      Ónomá esti méros lógou ptōtikón, sôma ḕ prâgma sēmaînon, sôma mèn hoîon líthos, prâgma dè hoîon paideía, koinôs te kaì idíōs legómenon, koinôs mèn hoîon ánthrōpos híppos, idíōs dè hoîon Sōkrátēs. parépetai dè tôi onómati pénte; génē, eídē, skhḗmata, arithmoí, ptṓseis.
      • 1874 translation by Thomas Davidson
        A Noun is a declinable part of speech, signifying something either concrete or abstract (concrete, as stone; abstract, as education); common or proper (common, as man, horse; proper, as Socrates, Plato). It has five accidents: genders, species, forms, numbers, and cases.
  4. (grammar) phrase

Declension edit

Hyponyms edit

grammar, noun:

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

References edit

Further reading edit