मध्य

HindiEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Sanskrit मध्य (mádhya), from Proto-Indo-European *médʰyos (between, in the middle, middle). Cognate with Latin medius (middle, medium), English mid, middle.

PronunciationEdit

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /məd̪ʱ.jᵊ/

AdjectiveEdit

मध्य (madhya) (indeclinable)

  1. middle (normally of time)
  2. central, in the middle of

NounEdit

मध्य (madhyam

  1. center/centre, middle
    Synonym: बीच (bīc)
  2. (Indian classical music) Synonym of मध्यम (madhyam)
  3. (Indian classical music) a medium tempo, played quicker than विलंबित (vilambit) and slower than द्रुत (drut)
  4. (Indian classical music) the middle-pitch सप्तक (saptak), higher than मंद्र (mandra) and lower than तार (tār)

DeclensionEdit


MarathiEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Sanskrit मध्य (mádhya). Compare with Marathi मध्ये (madhye) and Marathi माज (māj).

NounEdit

मध्य (madhyam

  1. centre, middle
  2. waist

ReferencesEdit


SanskritEdit

Alternative scriptsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *mádʰyas (middle), from Proto-Indo-European *médʰyos (middle). Cognate with Avestan 𐬨𐬀𐬌𐬜𐬌𐬌𐬀(maiδiia), Latin medius (middle, medium), Ancient Greek μέσος (mésos), English mid, middle.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

मध्य (mádhya)

  1. middle
  2. central

NounEdit

मध्य (mádhyam

  1. centre, middle

DeclensionEdit

Masculine a-stem declension of मध्य (mádhya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative मध्यः
mádhyaḥ
मध्यौ
mádhyau
मध्याः / मध्यासः¹
mádhyāḥ / mádhyāsaḥ¹
Vocative मध्य
mádhya
मध्यौ
mádhyau
मध्याः / मध्यासः¹
mádhyāḥ / mádhyāsaḥ¹
Accusative मध्यम्
mádhyam
मध्यौ
mádhyau
मध्यान्
mádhyān
Instrumental मध्येन
mádhyena
मध्याभ्याम्
mádhyābhyām
मध्यैः / मध्येभिः¹
mádhyaiḥ / mádhyebhiḥ¹
Dative मध्याय
mádhyāya
मध्याभ्याम्
mádhyābhyām
मध्येभ्यः
mádhyebhyaḥ
Ablative मध्यात्
mádhyāt
मध्याभ्याम्
mádhyābhyām
मध्येभ्यः
mádhyebhyaḥ
Genitive मध्यस्य
mádhyasya
मध्ययोः
mádhyayoḥ
मध्यानाम्
mádhyānām
Locative मध्ये
mádhye
मध्ययोः
mádhyayoḥ
मध्येषु
mádhyeṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Turner, Ralph Lilley (1969–1985) , “mádhya”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press