English edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /mɪd/
  • Rhymes: -ɪd
  • (file)

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle English mid, midde, from Old English midd (mid, middle, midway), from Proto-West Germanic *midi, from Proto-Germanic *midjaz (mid, middle, adjective), from Proto-Indo-European *médʰyos (between, in the middle, middle). Cognate with Dutch midden (in the middle), German Mitte (center, middle, mean), Icelandic miður (middle, adjective), Latin medius (middle, noun and adjective). See also middle. The slang sense may be influenced by terms such as middling and midwit.

Adjective edit

mid (not comparable)

  1. Denoting the middle part.
    mid ocean
  2. Occupying a middle position; middle.
    mid finger
    mid hour of night
  3. (linguistics) Made with a somewhat elevated position of some certain part of the tongue, in relation to the palate; midway between the high and the low; said of certain vowel sounds, such as, [e o ɛ ɔ].
  4. (originally African-American Vernacular and Internet slang) Mediocre; of middling quality.
    • 2021 July 26, Reanna Cruz, “Lil Nas X, 'INDUSTRY BABY'”, in NPR[1]:
      The song is one of his best, but its real power comes from the accompanying, highly-stylized video wherein Lil Nas X breaks out of a prison populated with Black gay men (and, for an unspecified reason, Jack Harlow in an unseemly role as the Straight White Savior who delivers a verse that is mid at best and inappropriate at worst).
    • 2024 April 27, James Poniewozik, “The Comfortable Problem of Mid TV”, in The New York Times[2], →ISSN:
      I’ve watched all of these shows. They’re not bad. They’re simply … mid. Which is what makes them, frustratingly, as emblematic of the current moment in TV as their stars’ previous shows were of the ambitions of the past.
  5. (Internet slang, by extension) Trashy; low-quality.

Preposition edit

mid

  1. Amid.
    Mid the best.
Translations edit

Derived terms edit

See also those listed at Category:English terms prefixed with mid-.

terms derived from adjective and preposition

Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Middle English mid, midde, from Old English midd (midst, middle, noun), from Proto-Germanic *midją, *midjǭ, *midjô (middle, center) < *midjaz, from Proto-Indo-European *médʰyos (between, in the middle, middle). Cognate with German Mitte (center, middle, midst), Danish midje (middle), Icelandic midja (middle). See also median, Latin mediānus.

Noun edit

mid (plural mids)

  1. (archaic) middle

Etymology 3 edit

Clipping of mid-range.

Noun edit

mid (plural mids)

  1. (disc golf) A mid-range.

Etymology 4 edit

From or representing German mit, and/or perhaps German Low German mid. Although Middle English had a native preposition mid with this same meaning ("with"), it had fallen out of use by the end of the 1300s[1] and survived into the modern English period only in the compounds midwife and theremid.

Preposition edit

mid

  1. (in representations of German-accented English) With.

References edit

  1. ^ Oxford English Dictionary, 1884–1928, and First Supplement, 1933.

Anagrams edit

German Low German edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Middle Low German mit, mid, from Old Saxon mid. Cognate with North Frisian mits (with), Dutch met (with), German mit (with). For more, see Middle English mid.

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

mid

  1. (in some dialects) with

Hungarian edit

Etymology edit

mi (what) +‎ -d (your, of yours, possessive suffix)

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈmid]
  • Hyphenation: mid

Pronoun edit

mid

  1. second-person singular single-possession possessive of mi

Declension edit

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative mid
accusative midet
dative midnek
instrumental middel
causal-final midért
translative middé
terminative midig
essive-formal midként
essive-modal
inessive midben
superessive miden
adessive midnél
illative midbe
sublative midre
allative midhez
elative midből
delative midről
ablative midtől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
midé
non-attributive
possessive - plural
midéi

Middle English edit

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Old English mid (with, in conjunction with, in company with, together with, into the presence of, through, by means of, by, among, in, at (time), in the sight of, opinion of, preposition), from Proto-West Germanic *midi (with).

Cognate with North Frisian mits (with), Dutch met (with), Low German mit (with), German mit (with), Danish med (with), Icelandic með (with), Ancient Greek μετά (metá, among, between, with), Albanian me (with, together), Sanskrit स्मत् (smat, together, at the same time).

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

mid

  1. with
  2. amid, amidst
References edit

Etymology 2 edit

Inherited from Old English midd.

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

mid

  1. mid-, middle, central, intermediate
  2. that is or are in the middle or intermediate in time
Descendants edit
  • English: mid
References edit

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse miðr, from Proto-Germanic *midjaz (middle, mid), from Proto-Indo-European *medʰyo- (middle).

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

mid m or f (neuter midt, comparative midre, superlative midst)

  1. middle

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

References edit

  • “mid” in Ivar Aasen (1873) Norsk Ordbog med dansk Forklaring

Old English edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-West Germanic *midi. Compare Old Saxon mid, Old High German mit, Old Norse með.

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

mid

  1. with
  2. by
    • c. 992, Ælfric, "THE ANNUNCIATION OF ST. MARY."
      "God underfeng his cnapan Israhel." Mid þam naman syndon getacnode ealle ða þe Gode gehyrsumiað mid soðre eadmodnysse, þa he underfehð to his werode.
      "God hath received his servant Israel." By that name are betokened all those who obey God with true humility, whom he receives into his company.
    • c. 992, Ælfric, "On the Holy Day of Pentecost"
      Þa geleaffullan brohton heora feoh, and ledon hit æt ðæra apostola foton. Mid þam is geswutelod þæt cristene men ne sceolon heora hiht besettan on woroldlice gestreon, ac on Gode anum. Se gítsere ðe beset his hiht on his goldhord, he bið swa swa se apostol cwæð, "þam gelíc þe deofolgyld begæð."
      The faithful brought their money, and laid it at the feet of the apostles. By this is manifested that christian men should not set their delight in worldly treasure, but in God alone. The covetous who sets his delight in his gold-hoard, is, as the apostle said, "like unto him who practiseth idolatry."
  3. as
    • c. 992, Ælfric, "The Assumption of St. John the Apostle"
      Mid þam ðe se apostol Iohannes stop into ðære byrig Ephesum, þa bær man him togeanes anre wydewan líc to byrigenne; hire nama wæs Drusiana.
      As the apostle John was entering the city of Ephesus, there was borne towards him the corpse of a widow to be buried; her name was Drusiana.
  4. on

Descendants edit

  • Middle English: mid

Old Irish edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Celtic *medu, from Proto-Indo-European *médʰu.[1]

Noun edit

mid n (genitive meda)

  1. mead
    • c. 815-840, “The Monastery of Tallaght”, in Edward J. Gwynn, Walter J. Purton, transl., Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, volume 29, Royal Irish Academy, published 1911-1912, paragraph 40, pages 115-179:
      mesce tre ol corma(e) nó chingiti meda(e)
      tipsiness through drinking beer or a goblet of mead

Inflection edit

Neuter u-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative midN
Vocative midN
Accusative midN
Genitive medoH, medaH
Dative midL
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Descendants edit

Mutation edit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
mid
also mmid after a proclitic
mid
pronounced with /β̃(ʲ)-/
unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References edit

  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) “*medu”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 261

Further reading edit

Old Saxon edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-West Germanic *midi.

Preposition edit

mid

  1. with

Adverb edit

mid

  1. with, together, along

Somali edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Cushitic. Cognates include Burji micca and Hadiyya mato.

Numeral edit

mid

  1. one

References edit

  • Somali Wörterbuch by M. A. Farah - D. Heck (Buske Verlag, Hamburg 1993)