Contents

HindiEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from Sanskrit रथ(rátha), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *HrátHas, from Proto-Indo-European *Hret-(to roll).

NounEdit

रथ ‎(rathm

  1. a chariot
    रथ यात्रा‎ ― rath yātrāRath Yatra

PaliEdit

NounEdit

रथ m

  1. Devanagari script form of ratha

SanskritEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *HrátHas, from Proto-Indo-European *Hret-(to roll). Cognates include Latin rota, Old Irish roth, Old High German rad and Lithuanian ratas.

NounEdit

रथ ‎(rátham

  1. chariot, car, especially a two-wheeled war-chariot (lighter and swifter than the अनस्(anas)), any vehicle or equipage or carriage (applied also to the vehicles of the gods), waggon, cart
  2. warrior, hero, champion
  3. the body
  4. limb, member, part
  5. Calamus rotang, a rattan palm.
  6. Dalbergia ougeinensis, blackwood
  7. = पौरुष(pauruṣa)
DeclensionEdit
Masculine a-stem declension of रथ
Nom. sg. रथः(rathaḥ)
Gen. sg. रथस्य(rathasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative रथः(rathaḥ) रथौ(rathau) रथाः(rathāḥ)
Vocative रथ(ratha) रथौ(rathau) रथाः(rathāḥ)
Accusative रथम्(ratham) रथौ(rathau) रथान्(rathān)
Instrumental रथेन(rathena) रथाभ्याम्(rathābhyām) रथैः(rathaiḥ)
Dative रथाय(rathāya) रथाभ्याम्(rathābhyām) रथेभ्यः(rathebhyaḥ)
Ablative रथात्(rathāt) रथाभ्याम्(rathābhyām) रथेभ्यः(rathebhyaḥ)
Genitive रथस्य(rathasya) रथयोः(rathayoḥ) रथानाम्(rathānām)
Locative रथे(rathe) रथयोः(rathayoḥ) रथेषु(ratheṣu)

DescendantsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From verbal root रमते(√ram, to delight, be glad, rejoice etc.).

NounEdit

रथ ‎(ratham

  1. pleasure, joy, delight (compare मनोरथ(mano-ratha))
  2. affection, love
DeclensionEdit
Masculine a-stem declension of रथ
Nom. sg. रथः(rathaḥ)
Gen. sg. रथस्य(rathasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative रथः(rathaḥ) रथौ(rathau) रथाः(rathāḥ)
Vocative रथ(ratha) रथौ(rathau) रथाः(rathāḥ)
Accusative रथम्(ratham) रथौ(rathau) रथान्(rathān)
Instrumental रथेन(rathena) रथाभ्याम्(rathābhyām) रथैः(rathaiḥ)
Dative रथाय(rathāya) रथाभ्याम्(rathābhyām) रथेभ्यः(rathebhyaḥ)
Ablative रथात्(rathāt) रथाभ्याम्(rathābhyām) रथेभ्यः(rathebhyaḥ)
Genitive रथस्य(rathasya) रथयोः(rathayoḥ) रथानाम्(rathānām)
Locative रथे(rathe) रथयोः(rathayoḥ) रथेषु(ratheṣu)

ReferencesEdit

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0865