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HindiEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from Sanskrit रथ (rátha), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *HrátHas, from Proto-Indo-European *Hret- (to roll).

NounEdit

रथ (rathm

  1. a chariot
    रथ यात्राrath yātrāRath Yatra

PaliEdit

NounEdit

रथ m

  1. Devanagari script form of ratha

SanskritEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hrátʰas (chariot, car), from Proto-Indo-European *Hret- (to roll). Cognates include Avestan 𐬭𐬀𐬚𐬀 (raθa, chariot, car), Latin rota, Old Irish roth, Old High German rad and Lithuanian ratas.

NounEdit

रथ (rátham

  1. chariot, car, especially a two-wheeled war-chariot (lighter and swifter than the अनस् (anas)), any vehicle or equipage or carriage (applied also to the vehicles of the gods), waggon, cart
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 8.20.12
      स्थिरा धन्वान्यायुधा रथेषु वोऽनीकेष्वधि श्रियः ॥
      sthirā dhanvānyāyudhā ratheṣu vo’nīkeṣvadhi śriyaḥ .
      Strong are your bows and strong the weapons in your cars, and glory sits on every face.
  2. warrior, hero, champion
DeclensionEdit
Masculine a-stem declension of रथ (rátha)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative रथः
ráthaḥ
रथौ
ráthau
रथाः / रथासः¹
ráthāḥ / ráthāsaḥ¹
Vocative रथ
rátha
रथौ
ráthau
रथाः / रथासः¹
ráthāḥ / ráthāsaḥ¹
Accusative रथम्
rátham
रथौ
ráthau
रथान्
ráthān
Instrumental रथेन
ráthena
रथाभ्याम्
ráthābhyām
रथैः / रथेभिः¹
ráthaiḥ / ráthebhiḥ¹
Dative रथाय
ráthāya
रथाभ्याम्
ráthābhyām
रथेभ्यः
ráthebhyaḥ
Ablative रथात्
ráthāt
रथाभ्याम्
ráthābhyām
रथेभ्यः
ráthebhyaḥ
Genitive रथस्य
ráthasya
रथयोः
ráthayoḥ
रथानाम्
ráthānām
Locative रथे
ráthe
रथयोः
ráthayoḥ
रथेषु
rátheṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

DescendantsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From verbal root रमते (√ram, to delight, be glad, rejoice etc.).

NounEdit

रथ (ratham

  1. pleasure, joy, delight (compare मनोरथ (mano-ratha))
  2. affection, love
DeclensionEdit
Masculine a-stem declension of रथ
Nom. sg. रथः (rathaḥ)
Gen. sg. रथस्य (rathasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative रथः (rathaḥ) रथौ (rathau) रथाः (rathāḥ)
Vocative रथ (ratha) रथौ (rathau) रथाः (rathāḥ)
Accusative रथम् (ratham) रथौ (rathau) रथान् (rathān)
Instrumental रथेन (rathena) रथाभ्याम् (rathābhyām) रथैः (rathaiḥ)
Dative रथाय (rathāya) रथाभ्याम् (rathābhyām) रथेभ्यः (rathebhyaḥ)
Ablative रथात् (rathāt) रथाभ्याम् (rathābhyām) रथेभ्यः (rathebhyaḥ)
Genitive रथस्य (rathasya) रथयोः (rathayoḥ) रथानाम् (rathānām)
Locative रथे (rathe) रथयोः (rathayoḥ) रथेषु (ratheṣu)

ReferencesEdit

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0865