रथ

Contents

HindiEdit

EtymologyEdit

Sanskrit रथ ‎(ratha).

NounEdit

रथ ‎(rathm

  1. a chariot
    रथ यात्रा‎ ― rath yātrāRath Yatra

SanskritEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *HrátHas, from Proto-Indo-European *Hroth₂os ‎(car), a derivative of Proto-Indo-European *Hroteh₂ ‎(wheel). Cognates include Latin rota, Old Irish roth, Old High German rad and Lithuanian ratas.

NounEdit

रथ ‎(rátham

  1. chariot, car, especially a two-wheeled war-chariot (lighter and swifter than the अनस् ‎(anas)), any vehicle or equipage or carriage (applied also to the vehicles of the gods), waggon, cart
  2. warrior, hero, champion
  3. the body
  4. limb, member, part
  5. Calamus rotang, a rattan palm.
  6. Dalbergia ougeinensis, blackwood
  7. = पौरुष ‎(pauruṣa)
DeclensionEdit
Masculine a-stem declension of रथ
Nom. sg. रथः ‎(rathaḥ)
Gen. sg. रथस्य ‎(rathasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative रथः ‎(rathaḥ) रथौ ‎(rathau) रथाः ‎(rathāḥ)
Vocative रथ ‎(ratha) रथौ ‎(rathau) रथाः ‎(rathāḥ)
Accusative रथम् ‎(ratham) रथौ ‎(rathau) रथान् ‎(rathān)
Instrumental रथेन ‎(rathena) रथाभ्याम् ‎(rathābhyām) रथैः ‎(rathaiḥ)
Dative रथाय ‎(rathāya) रथाभ्याम् ‎(rathābhyām) रथेभ्यः ‎(rathebhyaḥ)
Ablative रथात् ‎(rathāt) रथाभ्याम् ‎(rathābhyām) रथेभ्यः ‎(rathebhyaḥ)
Genitive रथस्य ‎(rathasya) रथयोः ‎(rathayoḥ) रथानाम् ‎(rathānām)
Locative रथे ‎(rathe) रथयोः ‎(rathayoḥ) रथेषु ‎(ratheṣu)

DescendantsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From verbal root रमते ‎(√ram, to delight, be glad, rejoice etc.).

NounEdit

रथ ‎(ratham

  1. pleasure, joy, delight (compare मनोरथ ‎(mano-ratha))
  2. affection, love
DeclensionEdit
Masculine a-stem declension of रथ
Nom. sg. रथः ‎(rathaḥ)
Gen. sg. रथस्य ‎(rathasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative रथः ‎(rathaḥ) रथौ ‎(rathau) रथाः ‎(rathāḥ)
Vocative रथ ‎(ratha) रथौ ‎(rathau) रथाः ‎(rathāḥ)
Accusative रथम् ‎(ratham) रथौ ‎(rathau) रथान् ‎(rathān)
Instrumental रथेन ‎(rathena) रथाभ्याम् ‎(rathābhyām) रथैः ‎(rathaiḥ)
Dative रथाय ‎(rathāya) रथाभ्याम् ‎(rathābhyām) रथेभ्यः ‎(rathebhyaḥ)
Ablative रथात् ‎(rathāt) रथाभ्याम् ‎(rathābhyām) रथेभ्यः ‎(rathebhyaḥ)
Genitive रथस्य ‎(rathasya) रथयोः ‎(rathayoḥ) रथानाम् ‎(rathānām)
Locative रथे ‎(rathe) रथयोः ‎(rathayoḥ) रथेषु ‎(ratheṣu)

ReferencesEdit

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0865
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