English

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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Borrowed from Latin rota (wheel). Doublet of rotor and ruote.

Noun

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rota (plural rotas)

  1. (UK) A schedule that allocates some task, responsibility or (rarely) privilege between a set of people according to a (possibly periodic) calendar.
    • 2014 July 25, Paul Rees, “‘We got off the coach and the National Front was there … People spat at us’”, in The Guardian[1]:
      [The manager] instituted a rota for having the players attend supporters’ club meetings throughout the season, telling them it was part of the job of being a footballer.
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Translations
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See also
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Etymology 2

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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Alternative forms

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Noun

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rota (plural rotas)

  1. (music) A kind of zither used in the Middle Ages in church music.
    • 2011, A. A. Attanasio, The Wolf and the Crown (The Perilous Order of Camelot):
      Along the creek bed he came, plucking a rota, a zither of five strings with bone-yoke facings and a beaverskin carrying-bag thrown over his shoulder.

References

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Anagrams

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Catalan

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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Verb

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rota

  1. inflection of rotar (to belch):
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Etymology 2

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Verb

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rota

  1. inflection of rotar (to rotate, to turn):
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Franco-Provençal

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Etymology

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From Latin rupta [via].

Noun

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rota f (plural rotes) (ORB large)

  1. route, path
    Synonym: chemin

References

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  • route in DicoFranPro: Dictionnaire Français/Francoprovençal – on dicofranpro.llm.umontreal.ca
  • rota in Lo trèsor Arpitan – on arpitan.eu

Further information

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French

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Verb

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rota

  1. third-person singular past historic of roter

Icelandic

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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From rot (unconsciousness).

Verb

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rota (weak verb, third-person singular past indicative rotaði, supine rotað)

  1. to knock out (render unconscious)
Conjugation
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Etymology 2

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See rotna

Noun

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rota f (genitive singular rotu, nominative plural rotur)

  1. rotten spot
Declension
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Interlingua

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Noun

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rota (plural rotas)

  1. wheel

Italian

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈrɔ.ta/
  • Rhymes: -ɔta
  • Hyphenation: rò‧ta

Etymology 1

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From Latin rota.

Noun

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rota f (plural rote)

  1. (archaic) Alternative form of ruota

Etymology 2

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Verb

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rota

  1. inflection of rotare:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Anagrams

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Kikuyu

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Pronunciation

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Verb

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rota (infinitive kũrota)

  1. to dream

Derived terms

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(Nouns)

References

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  • Armstrong, Lilias E. (1940). The Phonetic and Tonal Structure of Kikuyu, p. 363. Rep. 1967. (Also in 2018 by Routledge).

Latin

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Latin Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia la
 
rota persica (Iranian wheel)

Etymology

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From Proto-Italic *rotā, from Proto-Indo-European *Hróth₂-eh₂, from *Hreth₂- (to run, roll).[1]

Pronunciation

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Noun

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rota f (genitive rotae); first declension

  1. wheel
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Metamorphoses 2.107–108:
      aureus axis erat, temo aureus, aurea summae
      curvatura rotae, radiorum argenteus ordo
      the axle was of gold, the pole of gold, all of gold
      the rim of the wheels, with a set of silver spokes.
  2. (pars pro toto) a car, a chariot
    Si rota defuerit, tu pede carpe viam.
    If you don't have a car, you'd better make your way on foot.
  3. (figuratively) the disc of the sun
    • c. 99 BCE – 55 BCE, Lucretius, De rerum natura 5:
      Hic neque tum solis rota cerni lumine largo
      altivolans poterat []
      Nor can the sun's disc larger be by much, nor its own blaze much less []

Declension

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First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative rota rotae
Genitive rotae rotārum
Dative rotae rotīs
Accusative rotam rotās
Ablative rotā rotīs
Vocative rota rotae

Hyponyms

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Derived terms

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Descendants

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References

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  • rota”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • rota in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 527

Latvian

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Pronunciation

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  This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Noun

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rota f (4th declension)

  1. ornament
  2. decoration
  3. adornment
  4. flower
  5. jewel

Declension

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Noun

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rota f (4th declension)

  1. (military) company

Declension

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Lower Sorbian

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Noun

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rota ? pl

  1. Nonstandard spelling of wrota.

Declension

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Maltese

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Sicilian rota, from Latin rota.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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rota f (plural roti)

  1. wheel
  2. bicycle
    Synonyms: (less common) bajsikil, (rare) biċikletta

See also

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Neapolitan

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Etymology

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Inherited from Latin rota.

Pronunciation

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  • (Naples) IPA(key): [ˈrɔːtə]
  • (Castelmezzano) IPA(key): [ˈroːtă]

Noun

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rota f (plural rote)

  1. wheel

References

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  • AIS: Sprach- und Sachatlas Italiens und der Südschweiz [Linguistic and Ethnographic Atlas of Italy and Southern Switzerland] – map 1227: “la ruota” – on navigais-web.pd.istc.cnr.it
  • Giacco, Giuseppe (2003) “ròta”, in Schedario Napoletano

Norwegian Bokmål

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Etymology 1

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Alternative forms

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Noun

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rota f sg

  1. definite feminine singular of rot

Etymology 2

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Alternative forms

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Verb

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rota

  1. past tense of rote
  2. past participle of rote

Norwegian Nynorsk

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Etymology 1

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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rota f

  1. definite singular of rot

Etymology 2

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Pronunciation

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Verb

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rota (present tense rotar, past tense rota, past participle rota, passive infinitive rotast, present participle rotande, imperative rota/rot)

  1. alternative form of rote

Polish

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Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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Inherited from Proto-Slavic *rota.

Noun

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rota f

  1. oath, swear, vow (form of solemn pledge (e.g., military))

Etymology 2

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Borrowed from Czech rota.

Noun

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rota f

  1. rote (kind of guitar, the notes of which were produced by a small wheel or wheel-like arrangement; an instrument similar to the hurdy-gurdy)

Etymology 3

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Borrowed from Middle High German rotte.

Noun

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rota f

  1. (historical, military) rota (infantry or cavalry unit in Poland in the 16th–17th c.)
  2. (historical, military) rota (row of soldiers in formation in Poland in the 18th c.)

Etymology 4

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Borrowed from German Rotte.

Noun

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rota f

  1. (firefighting) group of rescuers or firefighters consisting of two people

Etymology 5

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Learned borrowing from Latin rota.

Noun

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rota f

  1. (law, Roman Catholicism) tribunal of appeal functioning under the Roman Curia
  2. (historical) type of torture during which the convict was entwined in a wheel
  3. (historical) wheel used in this type of torture
Declension
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Further reading

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  • rota in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • rota in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese

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Etymology 1

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Borrowed from Old French rote (modern French route).[1][2]

Pronunciation

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  • Rhymes: -ɔtɐ
  • Hyphenation: ro‧ta

Noun

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rota f (plural rotas)

  1. route (course or way travelled)
    Synonyms: percurso, caminho, curso, rumo, derrota
Derived terms
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Etymology 2

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From Latin rupta, ruptus.[1][2]

Pronunciation

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  • Hyphenation: ro‧ta

Noun

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rota f (plural rotas)

  1. combat (a fight or battle)
    Synonyms: luta, combate
  2. (military) defeat
    Synonyms: derrota, perda

Etymology 3

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From Old French rote, from Germanic.[1][2]

Pronunciation

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  • Hyphenation: ro‧ta

Noun

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rota f (plural rotas)

  1. (music) rota (mediaeval string instrument)

Etymology 4

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Borrowed from Italian rota.[1][2]

Pronunciation

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  • Hyphenation: ro‧ta

Noun

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rota f (plural rotas)

  1. (Roman Catholicism) rota (ecclesiastical court of appeal)

Noun

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rota f (plural rotas)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Etymology 5

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Borrowed from Malay rotan.[1][2]

Pronunciation

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  • Hyphenation: ro‧ta

Noun

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rota f (plural rotas)

  1. rattan (any of several species of climbing palm of the genus Calamus)
    Synonyms: rotim, ratã

Etymology 6

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See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation

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  • Hyphenation: ro‧ta

Adjective

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rota

  1. feminine singular of roto

Etymology 7

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See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation

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  • Hyphenation: ro‧ta

Verb

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rota

  1. inflection of rotar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Etymology 8

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See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation

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  • Hyphenation: ro‧ta

Verb

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rota

  1. (Brazilian spelling) short feminine singular past participle of romper

References

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Romani

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Noun

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rota f (plural roti)

  1. Alternative form of rròta (wheel)

Romanian

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Verb

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a rota (third-person singular present rotează, past participle rotat) 1st conj.

  1. Alternative form of roti

Conjugation

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Rwanda-Rundi

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Etymology

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From Proto-Bantu *-dóota.

Verb

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-rota? (infinitive kurota, perfective -rose)

  1. dream

Derived terms

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Shona

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Etymology

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From Proto-Bantu *-dóota.

Verb

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-rótá (infinitive kurótá)

  1. dream

Derived terms

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Sicilian

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Etymology

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From Latin rota.

Noun

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rota

  1. wheel

Spanish

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈrota/ [ˈro.t̪a]
  • Rhymes: -ota
  • Syllabification: ro‧ta

Etymology 1

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See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun

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rota f (plural rotas)

  1. female equivalent of roto

Adjective

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rota

  1. feminine singular of roto

Participle

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rota f sg

  1. feminine singular of roto

Etymology 2

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See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

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rota

  1. inflection of rotar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Swedish

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Etymology

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rot +‎ -a

Verb

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rota (present rotar, preterite rotade, supine rotat, imperative rota)

  1. to rummage, to root (search for something in a messy manner)
  2. (computing) to root (gain privileged access on a device)
  3. (reflexive) to put down roots
  4. (reflexive, figuratively) to become settled

Usage notes

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Often with a particle like runt (around), igenom (through), or fram (forth) (used like "out," for when something is found).

Conjugation

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See also

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  • böka (to root, to dig)

References

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Turkish

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Etymology

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From Ottoman Turkish روطه (rota), from Italian rotta.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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rota (definite accusative rotayı, plural rotalar)

  1. route, course, heading
    Synonym: güzergâh

Declension

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Inflection
Nominative rota
Definite accusative rotayı
Singular Plural
Nominative rota rotalar
Definite accusative rotayı rotaları
Dative rotaya rotalara
Locative rotada rotalarda
Ablative rotadan rotalardan
Genitive rotanın rotaların
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular rotam rotalarım
2nd singular rotan rotaların
3rd singular rotası rotaları
1st plural rotamız rotalarımız
2nd plural rotanız rotalarınız
3rd plural rotaları rotaları
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular rotamı rotalarımı
2nd singular rotanı rotalarını
3rd singular rotasını rotalarını
1st plural rotamızı rotalarımızı
2nd plural rotanızı rotalarınızı
3rd plural rotalarını rotalarını
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular rotama rotalarıma
2nd singular rotana rotalarına
3rd singular rotasına rotalarına
1st plural rotamıza rotalarımıza
2nd plural rotanıza rotalarınıza
3rd plural rotalarına rotalarına
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular rotamda rotalarımda
2nd singular rotanda rotalarında
3rd singular rotasında rotalarında
1st plural rotamızda rotalarımızda
2nd plural rotanızda rotalarınızda
3rd plural rotalarında rotalarında
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular rotamdan rotalarımdan
2nd singular rotandan rotalarından
3rd singular rotasından rotalarından
1st plural rotamızdan rotalarımızdan
2nd plural rotanızdan rotalarınızdan
3rd plural rotalarından rotalarından
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular rotamın rotalarımın
2nd singular rotanın rotalarının
3rd singular rotasının rotalarının
1st plural rotamızın rotalarımızın
2nd plural rotanızın rotalarınızın
3rd plural rotalarının rotalarının