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SanskritEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *suH-, from Proto-Indo-European *suH- (pig, hog, swine). Cognate with Ancient Greek ὗς (hûs, pig), Latin sūs (pig), Avestan 𐬵𐬏 (), Persian خوک (xuk), Old English swīn (whence English swine), English sow.

PronunciationEdit

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /s̪uː.kɐ.ɽɐ́/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈs̪uː.kɐ.ɽɐ/
  • NounEdit

    सूकर (sūkarám

    1. pig, hog, swine, boar

    DeclensionEdit

    Masculine a-stem declension of सूकर (sūkará)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative सूकरः
    sūkaráḥ
    सूकरौ
    sūkaraú
    सूकराः / सूकरासः¹
    sūkarā́ḥ / sūkarā́saḥ¹
    Vocative सूकर
    sū́kara
    सूकरौ
    sū́karau
    सूकराः / सूकरासः¹
    sū́karāḥ / sū́karāsaḥ¹
    Accusative सूकरम्
    sūkarám
    सूकरौ
    sūkaraú
    सूकरान्
    sūkarā́n
    Instrumental सूकरेण
    sūkaréṇa
    सूकराभ्याम्
    sūkarā́bhyām
    सूकरैः / सूकरेभिः¹
    sūkaraíḥ / sūkarébhiḥ¹
    Dative सूकराय
    sūkarā́ya
    सूकराभ्याम्
    sūkarā́bhyām
    सूकरेभ्यः
    sūkarébhyaḥ
    Ablative सूकरात्
    sūkarā́t
    सूकराभ्याम्
    sūkarā́bhyām
    सूकरेभ्यः
    sūkarébhyaḥ
    Genitive सूकरस्य
    sūkarásya
    सूकरयोः
    sūkaráyoḥ
    सूकराणाम्
    sūkarā́ṇām
    Locative सूकरे
    sūkaré
    सूकरयोः
    sūkaráyoḥ
    सूकरेषु
    sūkaréṣu
    Notes
    • ¹Vedic

    DescendantsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 1240
    • Turner, Ralph Lilley (1969–1985), “sūkará (13544)”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press