See also: Sus, SUS, sús, süs, šus, -sus, sus-, sus', Sus., šūs, and Suś

Translingual

Symbol

sus

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-2 & ISO 639-3 language code for Susu.

English

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Clipping of suspicion.

Noun

sus (uncountable)

  1. (UK, informal) Suspicion (in terms of a sus law).
    • 2002, Simon James, British Government: A Reader in Policy Making, page 84:
      The committee [] said ‘sus’ had acquired a symbolic significance out of all proportion to its significance as a criminal charge.

Etymology 2

Clipping of suspicious.

Adjective

sus (comparative more sus or susser, superlative most sus or sussest)

  1. (slang) Suspicious; having suspicions or questions.
    • 2010, Olwyn Conrau, The Importance of Being Cool[1], Carindale: Glass House Brooks, page 134:
      Even my lame psychic ability told me he'd be pretty sus if he found me pissing on in the lounge room on a week night.
    • 2015, Peter King, The Weaving[2], Wellington: Peter King Publishing:
      Everyone had been a bit sus about Mrs Jones and Lana Vilenskaya, so it wasn't surprising that Mrs Jones stood to speak.
    • 2018, Ron Chinchen, Scent of the Beast[3], Bloomington: Xlibris:
      I'm still really sus about those crocs we found in the drains.
  2. (slang) Suspicious; raising or causing people to have suspicions.
    • 1972, Frank Norman, The lives of Frank Norman: told in extracts from his autobiographical books Banana boy, Stand on me, Bang to rights, The guntz:
      Why this should be I will never know except I might be a pretty sus looking geezer or something. They took about six of us who were in the cafe down the nick and dubbed us up in separate peters. After a long while these two bogies came into ...
  3. (slang, specifically, often humorous) Acting in a borderline sexually inappropriate way, causing others to "suspect" them of being sexually attracted to someone and trying to hide it.
    That guy is always acting sus with the boys—are you sure he's not gay?
    • 2021 September 9, @COGxCam, Twitter[4], archived from the original on 18 December 2023:
      I was acting sus with my friend turns out he's gay I don't think he was joking
    • 2022, Sean Thor Conroe, Fuccboi[5], Hachette, →ISBN:
      Maybe I’m a sus hetero bro who's been subtly abusive and deserves to be blocked out entirely.
    • 2022 October 31, u/Keggerbev, “(post title)”, in Reddit[6], r/Advice, archived from the original on 18 December 2023:
      Gf [30] was acting sus around another guy and not sure If im [M20] just overthinking it.
    • 2023 March 9, u/rainbows_are_a_mess, “The Bombay Movie Club”, in Reddit[7], r/mumbai, archived from the original on 17 December 2023:
      I've also heard many instances of him acting sus with girls.
    • 2023 August 6, @bridaaah, Twitter[8], archived from the original on 17 December 2023:
      Totally not being sus with my controller
Derived terms
See also

Etymology 3

Clipping of suspended.

Adjective

sus (not comparable)

  1. (music) Abbreviation of suspended.

See also

Etymology 4

Clipping of suspend.

Verb

sus (third-person singular simple present suses, present participle sussing, simple past and past participle sussed)

  1. (transitive, Internet slang) To suspend an account on social media (almost exclusively Twitter/X).
    yeah, the account posting offensive stuff got sussed.

Anagrams

Afrikaans

Etymology

From Dutch zus, shortening of zuster. Equivalent to a shortening of suster.

Pronunciation

Noun

sus (plural susse, diminutive sussie)

  1. sister (female sibling)
    Synonym: suster

Alemannic German

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Middle High German sus. Compare German sonst.

Pronunciation

Adverb

sus

  1. otherwise
    • 1968/1969, Alois Senti with Robert Wildhaber, “Die Sagen der Gemeinde Flums [The sagas of the municipality Flums]”, in Schweizerisches Archiv für Volkskunde[9], volume 65, number 3/4, Schweizerische Gesellschaft für Volkskunde, published 1969, Vum Ggaueler, page 154:
      138 [] Äs seï ä schwarzä Maa mitemä Huet gsii, aber uuni Chopf. «Ich haa ds Büechli nid beï mer, sus hett nä aagsprocha...», heï dr Pfarrer Zwyfel gsäit. Gsii isch es dr Ggaueler.
      138 [] It has [reportedly] been a black man with a hat but without a head. “I don't have this booklet on me, otherwise I would have talked to him...” has pastor Zwyfel [reportedly] said. It has been the Ggaueler.
    • 1970, Alois Senti, Häxäwärch: Sibä Gschichtä im Flumsertiäläggt[10], Mels: Verlag des Sarganserländers, →LCCN, →OCLC, page 27:
      Wägemä äinzigä Moul hät aber niemert müügä nämis säägä. Sus hett jo dr Leïrer Aberli schu än Uusreïd gfundä, ass er nid hett müessä guu.
      But nobody wanted to say anything [only] because of a single time. Otherwise the teacher Aberli would have found an excuse anyway so that he wouldn't have had to go.

Aromanian

Alternative forms

Etymology

Inherited from Latin sūsum. Compare Romanian sus.

Adverb

sus

  1. up
    Antonym: ghios

Cebuano

Etymology

Probably a shortening of susmaryosep.

Interjection

sus

  1. used as an expression of anger, frustration or disbelief

Chuukese

Etymology

Borrowed from English shoes.

Noun

sus

  1. shoe

Danish

Etymology

From the verb suse (to hiss, whistle), of imitative origin, similar to German sausen (to whizz).

Pronunciation

Noun

sus n (singular definite suset, plural indefinite sus)

  1. whistling, singing
  2. whisper, soughing
  3. whizz
  4. rush (pleasurable sensation experienced after use of a stimulant)

Inflection

Synonyms

Verb

sus

  1. imperative of suse

Fala

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈsus/
  • Rhymes: -us
  • Syllabification: sus

Determiner

sus f pl

  1. (Lagarteiru) Apocopic form of súas (his, her, its, their)

Usage notes

  • Used in Lagarteiru before a feminine plural noun as part of a noun phrase.

See also

References

  • Valeš, Miroslav (2021) Diccionariu de A Fala: lagarteiru, mañegu, valverdeñu (web)[11], 2nd edition, Minde, Portugal: CIDLeS, published 2022, →ISBN

Finnish

Etymology

Shortening from Jeesus.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈsus/, [ˈs̠us̠]
  • Rhymes: -us
  • Syllabification(key): sus

Interjection

sus

  1. oh; used only in the expression shown in the example below

Further reading

French

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Old French sus, from Latin sūsum.

Adverb

sus

  1. (dated) up
Derived terms

Etymology 2

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

sus

  1. first/second-person singular past historic of savoir

Further reading

Irarutu

Noun

sus

  1. (woman's) breast

References

  • J. C. Anceaux, The Linguistic Situation in the Islands of Yapen, Kurudu, Nau and Miosnum (2013), page 46

Kashubian

=Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈsus/
  • Rhymes: -us
  • Syllabification: sus

Etymology 1

 
Sus (1).

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *sъsьlъ with folk etymology from etymology 2.

Noun

sus m animal

  1. ground squirrel (rodent of the genus Spermophilus)
Declension
Derived terms

Etymology 2

Borrowed from German Schuss.

Noun

sus m inan

  1. jump, leap
    Synonyms: skòk, hops
Declension

Further reading

  • Stefan Ramułt (1893) “sus”, in Słownik języka pomorskiego czyli kaszubskiego (in Kashubian)
  • Eùgeniusz Gòłąbk (2011) “suseł”, in Słownik Polsko-Kaszubski / Słowôrz Pòlskò-Kaszëbsczi[13]
  • sus”, in Internetowi Słowôrz Kaszëbsczégò Jãzëka [Internet Dictionary of the Kashubian Language], Fundacja Kaszuby, 2022

Latin

Etymology

From Proto-Italic *sūs, from Proto-Indo-European *suH-. Compare Ancient Greek ὗς (hûs), Pali sūkara, English swine, sow.

Pronunciation

Noun

sūs m or f (irregular, genitive suis); third declension

  1. pig
    Synonyms: porcus, scrōfa

Declension

Third-declension noun (irregular).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative sūs suēs
Genitive suis suum
Dative suī suibus
sūbus
subus
Accusative suem suēs
Ablative sue suibus
sūbus
subus
Vocative sūs suēs

Derived terms

Descendants

  • Romanian: sor (possibly)
  • Sardinian: sughe, sue

References

  • sus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • sus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • sus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • sus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[14], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) to have become independent, be no longer a minor: sui iuris factum esse
    • (ambiguous) to outlive, survive all one's kin: omnium suorum or omnibus suis superstitem esse
    • (ambiguous) to shed one's blood for one's fatherland: sanguinem suum pro patria effundere or profundere
    • (ambiguous) to take measures for one's safety; to look after one's own interests: suis rebus or sibi consulere
    • (ambiguous) to employ in the furtherance of one's interests: aliquid in usum suum conferre
    • (ambiguous) to leave a great reputation behind one: magnam sui famam relinquere
    • (ambiguous) to use up, make full use of one's spare time: otio abūti or otium ad suum usum transferre
    • (ambiguous) to win renown amongst posterity by some act: nomen suum posteritati aliqua re commendare, propagare, prodere
    • (ambiguous) to immortalise one's name: memoriam nominis sui immortalitati tradere, mandare, commendare
    • (ambiguous) to take a thing to heart: demittere aliquid in pectus or in pectus animumque suum
    • (ambiguous) to be contented: rebus suis, sorte sua contentum esse
    • (ambiguous) to lose one's head, be beside oneself: sui (mentis) compotem non esse
    • (ambiguous) to despair of one's position: desperare suis rebus
    • (ambiguous) to cause oneself to be expected: exspectationem sui facere, commovere
    • (ambiguous) self-confidence: fiducia sui (Liv. 25. 37)
    • (ambiguous) a man of no self-control, self-indulgent: homo impotens sui
    • (ambiguous) to do one's duty: officium suum facere, servare, colere, tueri, exsequi, praestare
    • (ambiguous) to neglect one's duty: officium suum deserere, neglegere
    • (ambiguous) to be courteous, obliging to some one: aliquem officiis suis complecti, prosequi
    • (ambiguous) to follow one's inclinations: studiis suis obsequi (De Or. 1. 1. 3)
    • (ambiguous) to be a strict disciplinarian in one's household: severum imperium in suis exercere, tenere (De Sen. 11. 37)
    • (ambiguous) to go into mourning: vestem mutare (opp. ad vestitum suum redire) (Planc. 12. 29)
    • (ambiguous) to give audience to some one: sui potestatem facere, praebere alicui
    • (ambiguous) to have no debts: in suis nummis versari (Verr. 4. 6. 11)
    • (ambiguous) (a state) has its own laws, is autonomous: suis legibus utitur (B. G. 1. 45. 3)
    • (ambiguous) to grant a people its independence: populum liberum esse, libertate uti, sui iuris esse pati
    • (ambiguous) to assert one's right: ius suum persequi
    • (ambiguous) to obtain justice: ius suum adipisci (Liv. 1. 32. 10)
    • (ambiguous) to maintain one's right: ius suum tenere, obtinere
    • (ambiguous) to accept battle: potestatem sui facere (alicui) (cf. sect. XII. 9, note audientia...)
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[15], Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  • Meyer-Lübke, Wilhelm (1911) “sūs”, in Romanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch (in German), page 639

Maltese

Pronunciation

Verb

sus

  1. second-person singular imperative of sies

Middle French

Etymology

From Old French sus.

Adverb

sus

  1. on; on top of

Preposition

sus

  1. on; on top of; atop

Descendants

  • French: sus (obsolete)

Middle High German

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Old High German sus.

Adverb

sus

  1. in this manner that follows, thus
  2. otherwise

Descendants

Further reading

Norman

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Old French sus, from Latin sūsum.

Preposition

sus

  1. (Guernsey) on
    • 1903, Edgar MacCulloch, “Proverbs, Weather Sayings, etc.”, in Guernsey Folk Lore[16], page 524:
      Orguillaeux coume ùn pouâis sûs v'louss.
      As proud as a louse on velvet.

Etymology 2

Verb

sus

  1. first-person singular preterite of saver

Northern Sami

Pronunciation

  This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Pronoun

sus

  1. locative of son

Norwegian Nynorsk

Verb

sus

  1. imperative of susa

Occitan

Etymology

Inherited from Latin sūsum.

Pronunciation

Preposition

sus

  1. over
    Antonym: jos

References

Old Catalan

Etymology

Inherited from Latin sūsum.

Adverb

sus

  1. up
    Antonym: jus

Preposition

sus

  1. above
    Antonym: jus

References

  • “sus” in Diccionari català-valencià-balear, Antoni Maria Alcover and Francesc de Borja Moll, 1962.

Old French

Etymology 1

Inherited from Latin sūsum.

Pronunciation

Adverb

sus

  1. above; high up
    Antonym: jus

Preposition

sus

  1. above; on top of
Descendants

References

Etymology 2

Preposition

sus

  1. Alternative form of soz (under)

Old High German

Etymology

Related to Proto-West Germanic *swā (in this manner), see also Dutch zus.

Adverb

sus

  1. in this manner that follows, thus

Descendants

References

  1. Sievers, Eduard. (2nd. ed. 1892) Bibliothek der ältesten deutschen Litteratur-Denkmäler. V. Band. Tatian. Lateinisch und altdeutsch mit ausführlichem Glossar herausgegeben, p. 438

Polish

Etymology

Mazurzenie of szus, from German Schuss, from Middle High German, from Old High German scuz, from Proto-West Germanic *skuti.

Pronunciation

Noun

sus m inan

  1. caper, jump, leap (long, quick jump)
    • 1922, Voltaire, chapter 1, in Tadeusz Boy-Żeleński, transl., Prostaczek (L'ingénu):
      Zgoła inaczej zachował się pewien młody człowiek bardzo zręcznej postaci, który skoczył jednym susem poprzez głowy towarzyszy i znalazł się tuż nawprost panienki.
      That was not the behavior of a well-made youth, who, darting himself over the heads of his companions, suddenly stood before Miss Kerkabon.

Declension

Further reading

  • sus in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • sus in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese

Pronunciation

 

Interjection

sus!

  1. come on! (inducing courage or willpower)

Romanian

Alternative forms

  • sosrare or archaic; influenced by the antonym jos

Etymology

Inherited from Latin sūsum.

Adverb

sus

  1. up
    Antonym: jos

See also

References

Spanish

Etymology

From Old Spanish sus, apocopic form of suso.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sus/ [sus]
  • Rhymes: -us
  • Syllabification: sus

Interjection

sus

  1. c'mon; attaboy

Determiner

sus pl (possessive)

  1. plural of su; one's, his, her, its, their (with plural possessee)
  2. (formal) your (with plural possessee)

Further reading

Swedish

sound similar to sus
sus, when disregarding the sound of the wind blowing over the microphone

Etymology

Deverbal from susa.

Noun

sus n

  1. a drawn-out, soft, tone-less murmur, like from a wind; sighing, soughing
    tallens sus
    the sighing of the pine
    1. murmur (in a crowd)
      ett sus gick genom publiken
      a murmur went through the crowd

Declension

Declension of sus 
Uncountable
Indefinite Definite
Nominative sus suset
Genitive sus susets

Derived terms

See also

  • vin (howl, whistle)

References

Tagalog

Etymology

From a minced oath clipping of Hesus, from Spanish Jesús.

Pronunciation

Interjection

sus (Baybayin spelling ᜐᜓᜐ᜔)

  1. (colloquial) geez; c'mon

Turkish

Verb

sus

  1. second-person singular imperative of susmak

Zazaki

Noun

sus

  1. A plant used in drug production