Hindi edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Sanskrit सूत्र (sūtra). Doublet of सूत (sūt).

Pronunciation edit

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /suːt̪.ɾᵊ/

Noun edit

सूत्र (sūtram

  1. thread, yarn, string
  2. a source, reference; text
  3. (Hinduism) sutra: a rule
  4. (mathematics) formula
    प्रारंभिक सूत्रprārambhik sūtrabasic formulae
  5. (chemistry) formula
    Synonym: रसायनिक सूत्र (rasāynik sūtra)

Declension edit

References edit

Sanskrit edit

Alternative scripts edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *súHtram, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *súHtram, from Proto-Indo-European *súh₁trom, from *syuh₁- (to sew). Synchronically derivable from the root सिव् (siv, to sew), and connected with सूचि (sūci) and सूना (sūnā).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

सूत्र (sū́tra) stemn

  1. thread, yarn, string, line, cord, wire
  2. a measuring line
    सूत्रपात (sū́tra-pāta)applying the measuring line
  3. the sacred thread or cord worn by the first three classes (compare यज्ञोपवीत (yajño-pavīta))
  4. a girdle
  5. a fibre
  6. a line, stroke
  7. a sketch, plan
  8. that which like a thread runs through or holds together everything, rule, direction
  9. a short sentence or aphoristic rule, and any work or manual consisting of strings of such rules; hanging together like threads; or, alternatively, written on palm leaves which are strung together sutra
  10. a kind of tree

Declension edit

Neuter a-stem declension of सूत्र (sū́tra)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative सूत्रम्
sū́tram
सूत्रे
sū́tre
सूत्राणि / सूत्रा¹
sū́trāṇi / sū́trā¹
Vocative सूत्र
sū́tra
सूत्रे
sū́tre
सूत्राणि / सूत्रा¹
sū́trāṇi / sū́trā¹
Accusative सूत्रम्
sū́tram
सूत्रे
sū́tre
सूत्राणि / सूत्रा¹
sū́trāṇi / sū́trā¹
Instrumental सूत्रेण
sū́treṇa
सूत्राभ्याम्
sū́trābhyām
सूत्रैः / सूत्रेभिः¹
sū́traiḥ / sū́trebhiḥ¹
Dative सूत्राय
sū́trāya
सूत्राभ्याम्
sū́trābhyām
सूत्रेभ्यः
sū́trebhyaḥ
Ablative सूत्रात्
sū́trāt
सूत्राभ्याम्
sū́trābhyām
सूत्रेभ्यः
sū́trebhyaḥ
Genitive सूत्रस्य
sū́trasya
सूत्रयोः
sū́trayoḥ
सूत्राणाम्
sū́trāṇām
Locative सूत्रे
sū́tre
सूत्रयोः
sū́trayoḥ
सूत्रेषु
sū́treṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Descendants edit

References edit