EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English stroke, strok, strak, from Old English strāc (stroke), from Proto-West Germanic *straik (stroke), from Proto-Germanic *straikaz (stroke), from Proto-Indo-European *streyg- (stroke; to strike). Cognate with Scots strak, strake, straik (stroke, blow), Middle Low German strēk (stroke, trick, prank), German Streich (stroke). In its British sense as a name for the slash ⟨ / ⟩, a contraction of oblique stroke, a variant of oblique originally employed in telegraphy.

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

stroke (plural strokes)

  1. An act of stroking (moving one's hand over a surface).
    She gave the cat a stroke.
  2. A blow or hit.
    a stroke on the chin
  3. A single movement with a tool.
    1. (golf) A single act of striking at the ball with a club. Also, at matchplay, a shot deducted from a player's score at a hole as a result of a handicapping system.
    2. (tennis) The hitting of a ball with a racket, or the movement of the racket and arm that produces that impact.
    3. (rowing) The movement of an oar or paddle through water, either the pull which actually propels the vessel or a single entire cycle of movement including the pull.
    4. (cricket) The action of hitting the ball with the bat; a shot.
    5. A thrust as of a piston or of the penis during sexual intercourse.
    6. An act of striking with a weapon
  4. One of a series of beats or movements against a resisting medium, by means of which movement through or upon it is accomplished.
    the stroke of a bird's wing in flying, or of an oar in rowing
    the stroke of a skater, swimmer, etc.
  5. A powerful or sudden effort by which something is done, produced, or accomplished; also, something done or accomplished by such an effort.
    a stroke of genius; a stroke of business; a master stroke of policy
  6. A line drawn with a pen or other writing implement, particularly:
    1. (Britain, typography) The slash, /.
    2. (Unicode, typography) The formal name of the individual horizontal strikethroughs (as in A̶ and A̵).
    3. (linguistics) A line of a Chinese, Japanese or Korean character.
  7. A streak made with a brush.
  8. The time when a clock strikes.
    on the stroke of midnight
    • 2012 May 9, John Percy, “Birmingham City 2 Blackpool 2 (2-3 on agg): match report”, in the Telegraph:
      Already guarding a 1-0 lead from the first leg, Blackpool inched further ahead when Stephen Dobbie scored from an acute angle on the stroke of half-time. The game appeared to be completely beyond Birmingham’s reach three minutes into the second period when Matt Phillips reacted quickly to bundle the ball past Colin Doyle and off a post.
  9. (swimming) A style, a single movement within a style.
    butterfly stroke
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 7, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      Old Applegate, in the stern, just set and looked at me, and Lord James, amidship, waved both arms and kept hollering for help. I took a couple of everlasting big strokes and managed to grab hold of the skiff's rail, close to the stern.
  10. (medicine) The loss of brain function arising when the blood supply to the brain is suddenly interrupted.
    suffer a stroke
  11. (obsolete) A sudden attack of any disease, especially when fatal; any sudden, severe affliction or calamity.
    a stroke of apoplexy; the stroke of death
    • 1767, Walter Harte, Eulogius: Or, The Charitable Mason
      At this one stroke the man look'd dead in law.
  12. (rowing) The oar nearest the stern of a boat, by which the other oars are guided.
  13. (rowing) The rower who is nearest the stern of the boat.
  14. (professional wrestling) Backstage influence.
  15. (squash (sport)) A point awarded to a player in case of interference or obstruction by the opponent.
  16. (sciences) An individual discharge of lightning.
    A flash of lightning may be made up of several strokes. If they are separated by enough time for the eye to distinguish them, the lightning will appear to flicker.
  17. (obsolete) The result or effect of a striking; injury or affliction; soreness.
  18. An addition or amendment to a written composition; a touch.
    to give some finishing strokes to an essay
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Addison to this entry?)
  19. A throb or beat, as of the heart.
  20. Power; influence.
  21. (obsolete) (Can we verify(+) this sense?) Appetite.
    • Lady Answ. God bless you, colonel, you have a good stroke with you.
      Col: O, madam, formerly I could eat all, but now I leave nothing; I eat but one meal a day.
  22. In transactional analysis, a (generally positive) reaction to a person, fulfilling their needs or desires.
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English stroken, straken, from Old English strācian (to stroke), from Proto-West Germanic *straikōn (to stroke, caress).

Cognate with Saterland Frisian strookje (to stroke; caress), West Frisian streakje (to stroke; caress), German Low German straken, strieken, strakeln, striekeln (to stroke; caress; fondle), German streicheln (to stroke, fondle).

VerbEdit

stroke (third-person singular simple present strokes, present participle stroking, simple past and past participle stroked)

  1. (transitive) To move one's hand or an object (such as a broom) along (a surface) in one direction.
  2. (transitive, cricket) To hit the ball with the bat in a flowing motion.
  3. (masonry) To give a finely fluted surface to.
  4. (transitive, rowing) To row the stroke oar of.
    to stroke a boat
TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


HungarianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English stroke.[3]

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈstroːk] (phonetic respelling: sztrók)[4]
  • Hyphenation: stroke
  • Rhymes: -oːk

NounEdit

stroke (countable and uncountable, plural stroke-ok)

  1. (medicine) stroke (loss of brain function arising when the blood supply to the brain is suddenly interrupted or a particular case of it)
    Synonyms: agyvérzés, agyszélhűdés (archaic), gutaütés (folksy), szélütés (folksy)

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative stroke stroke-ok
accusative stroke-ot stroke-okat
dative stroke-nak stroke-oknak
instrumental stroke-kal stroke-okkal
causal-final stroke-ért stroke-okért
translative stroke-ká stroke-okká
terminative stroke-ig stroke-okig
essive-formal stroke-ként stroke-okként
essive-modal
inessive stroke-ban stroke-okban
superessive stroke-on stroke-okon
adessive stroke-nál stroke-oknál
illative stroke-ba stroke-okba
sublative stroke-ra stroke-okra
allative stroke-hoz stroke-okhoz
elative stroke-ból stroke-okból
delative stroke-ról stroke-okról
ablative stroke-tól stroke-októl
non-attributive
possessive - singular
stroke-é stroke-oké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
stroke-éi stroke-okéi
Possessive forms of stroke
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. stroke-om stroke-jaim
2nd person sing. stroke-od stroke-jaid
3rd person sing. stroke-ja stroke-jai
1st person plural stroke-unk stroke-jaink
2nd person plural stroke-otok stroke-jaitok
3rd person plural stroke-juk stroke-jaik

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Tóth, Etelka (ed.). Magyar helyesírási szótár: A magyar helyesírás szabályai tizenkettedik kiadása szerint (’Dictionary of Hungarian Orthography: according to the 12th edition of the regulations of the Hungarian orthography’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2017. →ISBN
  2. ^ stroke and sztrók in the dictionary of  A magyar helyesírás szabályai, 12. kiadás (’The Rules of Hungarian Orthography, 12th edition’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2015. →ISBN
  3. ^ Pusztai, Ferenc (ed.). Magyar értelmező kéziszótár (’A Concise Explanatory Dictionary of Hungarian’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2003. →ISBN
  4. ^ Eőry, Vilma. Értelmező szótár+ (’Explanatory Dictionary Plus’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2007. →ISBN

Middle EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old English *strāc, from Proto-West Germanic *straik.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (Northern ME, Early ME) IPA(key): /strɑːk/
  • IPA(key): /strɔːk/

NounEdit

stroke (plural strokes)

  1. Any striking or hitting motion:
    1. A strike or hit from a weapon or instrument of torture}}
    2. A strike or hit from one's hands or other limbs
    3. A strike or hit from a tool against an object.
  2. The force of death; the origin or effect of one's demise.
  3. (Late Middle English) The feeling of an intense emotion or mood.
  4. (Late Middle English) The process of making a striking or hitting motion.
  5. A loud sound caused by weather (e.g. heavy rain)
  6. The result of a striking or hitting motion; a wound.
  7. (rare) A jerking or pulsing motion (e.g. a heartbeat)
Related termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • English: stroke
  • Scots: strake, straik, strak
ReferencesEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old English strācian, from Proto-West Germanic *straikōn.

VerbEdit

stroke

  1. Alternative form of stroken

Norwegian NynorskEdit

VerbEdit

stroke

  1. past participle of stryka