सेतु

HindiEdit

NounEdit

सेतु (setum

  1. bridge

DeclensionEdit


SanskritEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *sHáytuš (bridge, dam), from Proto-Indo-European *sh₂éy-tu-s ~ *sh₂i-téw-s, from *sh₂ey- (to bind). Cognate with Avestan 𐬵𐬀𐬉𐬙𐬎(haētu, bridge, dam), Ossetian хид (xid, bridge), Latin saeta.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

सेतु (sétum

  1. a bridge
    1. a dam
    2. a ridge of earth, mound, bank, causeway, dike
    3. any raised piece of ground separating fields (serving as a boundary or as a passage during inundations)
  2. a bond, fetter
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 7.73.4:
      सहस्रधारेऽव ते समस्वरन्दिवो नाके मधुजिह्वा असश्चतः।
      अस्य स्पशो न नि मिषन्ति भूर्णयः पदेपदे पाशिनः सन्ति सेतवः
      sahasradhāre’va te samasvarandivo nāke madhujihvā asaścataḥ.
      asya spaśo na ni miṣanti bhūrṇayaḥ padepade pāśinaḥ santi setavaḥ .
      Sweet-tongued, exhaustless, they have sent their voices down togetlier, in heaven's vault that pours a thousand streams.
      His wildly-restless warders never close an eye: in every place are found the bonds that bind man last.
  3. a help to the understanding of a text, an explanatory commentary
  4. an established institution, fixed rule

DeclensionEdit

Masculine u-stem declension of सेतु (sétu)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative सेतुः
sétuḥ
सेतू
sétū
सेतवः
sétavaḥ
Vocative सेतो
séto
सेतू
sétū
सेतवः
sétavaḥ
Accusative सेतुम्
sétum
सेतू
sétū
सेतून्
sétūn
Instrumental सेतुना / सेत्वा¹
sétunā / sétvā¹
सेतुभ्याम्
sétubhyām
सेतुभिः
sétubhiḥ
Dative सेतवे / सेत्वे²
sétave / sétve²
सेतुभ्याम्
sétubhyām
सेतुभ्यः
sétubhyaḥ
Ablative सेतोः / सेत्वः²
sétoḥ / sétvaḥ²
सेतुभ्याम्
sétubhyām
सेतुभ्यः
sétubhyaḥ
Genitive सेतोः / सेत्वः²
sétoḥ / sétvaḥ²
सेत्वोः
sétvoḥ
सेतूनाम्
sétūnām
Locative सेतौ
sétau
सेत्वोः
sétvoḥ
सेतुषु
sétuṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
  • ²Less common

AdjectiveEdit

सेतु (setu)

  1. binding

Borrowed termsEdit

DescendantsEdit