Japanese Hiragana kyokashotai YU.png
U+3086, ゆ
HIRAGANA LETTER YU

[U+3085]
Hiragana
[U+3087]

JapaneseEdit

 
hentaigana form (obsolete variant hiragana form (𛃥). Another form of cursive )
Stroke order
 

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Derived in the Heian period from writing the man'yōgana kanji in the cursive sōsho style.

SyllableEdit

(romaji yu)

  1. The hiragana syllable (yu). Its equivalent in katakana is (yu). It is the thirty-seventh syllable in the gojūon order; its position is (ya-gyō u-dan, row ya, section u).
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Attaches to the irrealis form of verbs. Conjugates as a lower bigrade: ye, ye, yu, yuru, yure, -.

SuffixEdit

(-yu

  1. expresses passiveness
  2. expresses possibility
  3. expresses natural, spontaneous occurrence
Derived termsEdit


OkinawanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Ryukyuan *wo, from Proto-Japonic *wo. Cognate with standard Japanese (wo).

PronunciationEdit

ParticleEdit

(rōmaji yu)

  1. (archaic, literary) A case particle.
    1. (archaic, literary, with transitive verb) An accusative case particle: a grammatical marker following the direct object.
      (たる)(うら)みとぅてぃ()ちゅが浜千鳥(はまちどぅり)
      Taru-yu uramituti nachuga hamachiduri.
      (please add an English translation of this usage example)
    2. (archaic, literary, with intransitive verb) away from, off
    3. (archaic, literary, with intransitive verb) along, following a specified route, track, orbit, etc.

Usage notesEdit

In modern Okinawan parlance this accusative particle is simply omitted from direct objects and the like, turning the language into a marked nominative language.

ReferencesEdit

  • ” in JLect - Japonic Languages and Dialects Database Dictionary, 2019.
  • ” in Okinawa Center of Language Study, Shuri-Naha Dialect Dictionary.