いらっしゃる

JapaneseEdit

EtymologyEdit

Originally a contraction of いらせらる (iraseraru), itself an honorific conjugation of 入ら (ira, the 未然形 (mizenkei, imperfective) of verb iru, “to come in, to go in; to arrive; to be in a place”) + (se, the 未然形 (mizenkei, imperfective) of honorific auxiliary verb su) + らる (raru, the older form of passivizing auxiliary verb rareru, here serving as another honorific).[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

いらっしゃる (intransitive, irregular conjugation, romaji irassharu)

  1. (honorific) to go
    • 1994, Yasuo Uchida, 三州吉良殺人事件 (Sanshū Kira Satsujin Jiken, “Murder in Kira, Sanshū”) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Kadokawa Shoten Publishing Co., Ltd, ISBN 4-0416-0730-2, ISBN 9784041607305, page 304:
      孫娘 (まごむすめ) ()をよじらんばかりに恐縮 (きょうしゅく)して、「あの、これからどちらへいらっしゃるのでしょうか?」と ()いた。
      magomusume wa mi o yojiran bakari ni kyōshuku shite, "ano, kore kara dochira e irassharu no deshō ka?" to kiita.
      The granddaughter asked, so shyly that she was practically writhing, "Um, where might you be going next?"
  2. (honorific) to come
    • [1977], Michio Ushio, 美しい村 (Utsukushii Mura, “Beautiful Village”)[1] (in Japanese), Google Play Books, page 351:
      でも一体 (いったい)何時 (なんじ)ごろあなた (がた)はこちらへいらっしゃるのかしら?
      demo ittai, nanji goro anatagata wa kochira e irassharu no kashira?
      But then, around what time would you be coming, I wonder?
  3. (honorific) to be
    山田 (やまだ)さんがいらっしゃいますでしょうか。
    yamada-san ga irasshaimasu deshō ka.
    Is Yamada-san there? (such as when telephoning a place of business)
    元気 (げんき)いらっしゃいますか。
    o-genki de irasshaimasu ka.
    Are you doing well?

Usage notesEdit

As listed above, this term can variously mean going, coming, or being in one place. Which meaning is intended depends on context. Compare お出で (​oide) of similarly broad and context-dependent meaning.

ConjugationEdit

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
Last modified on 14 April 2014, at 01:28