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JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From the 終止形 (shūshikei, terminal form) of the classical tari below.

ParticleEdit

たり (rōmaji tari)

  1. Shows examples of actions or states.
    テレビを ()たり、パソコンをしたりしている。
    Terebi o mitari, pasokon o shitari shite iru.
    I'm (doing things like) watching TV and playing on the computer.
Usage notesEdit

Attaches to the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verbs, adjectives, and nominals, in the same way as the past/perfective ending (ta). (The result is segmentally identical to the past/perfective form + ri.)

Etymology 2Edit

/-te ari//-tari/

Contraction of (te), the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of the classical perfective (tsu), and あり (ari, to be; to exist).

SuffixEdit

たり (r-irregular conjugation, rōmaji -tari)

  1. (Classical Japanese, jodōshi) Used to form the stative of verbs.
ConjugationEdit
Derived termsEdit
  • (-ta, past or perfective)
  • たら (-tara, conditional)
  • たり (-tari) (above)

Etymology 3Edit

/-to ari//-tari/

Contraction of the case particle (to) and the verb あり (ari, to be; to exist).

VerbEdit

たり (rōmaji tari)

  1. (Classical Japanese or archaic) to be
     (しょ) (じょ)たる女神 (めがみ)
    shojo taru megami
    virgin goddess
ConjugationEdit

In modern Japanese, the continuative (to) or として (to shite) and the adnominal たる (taru) are used with the so-called -tari adjectives.