See also: kurů, kůru, kůrů, and kūru

EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

From Fore kúru (literally trembling, shivering).[1][2] Perhaps eventually from Proto-Gorokan *kút(V) (“dangling, shaking”) if cognate with the reduplicated element of Yagaria gúli gúli hu- (be loose, rattle).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

kuru (uncountable)

  1. A chronic, progressive, fatal central nervous system disease found mainly among the Fore and neighboring peoples of New Guinea, caused by a prion that probably resembles the scrapie agent of sheep, transmissible to nonhuman primates, and believed to be transmitted by ritual cannibalism.
    • 1999, Matt Ridley, Genome, Harper Perennial 2004, p. 273:
      By the late 1950s, kuru was the leading cause of death among Fore women, and it had killed so many that men outnumbered women by three to one.

SynonymsEdit

TranslationsEdit

AnagramsEdit

  1. ^ Scott, Graham (1978) The Fore Language of Papua New Guinea, Pacific Linguistics, DOI:10.15144/PL-B47, →ISBN, pages 2, 6
  2. ^ “Kuru: Clinical study of a new syndrome resembling paralysis agitans in natives of the Eastern Highlands of Australian New Guinea”, in Medical Journal of Australia, volume 2, issue 21, 23 November 1957, DOI:10.5694/j.1326-5377.1957.tb60287.x, pages 745-754

AinuEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

kuru (Kana spelling クル, plural utara)

  1. (with modifiers) person
    repunkuruforeigner (literally, “person in the sea”)
    tan kuruthis person

Usage notesEdit

This word is similar in usage to Japanese (もの) (mono), in the sense that it cannot stand in a sentence as an independent word and is never used without a modifier.

See alsoEdit

  • pe (thing)

AjiëEdit

VerbEdit

kuru

  1. sleep

ReferencesEdit

  • Handschuh, Corinna (2014) A typology of marked-S languages

CzechEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

kuru

  1. dative singular of kur
  2. locative singular of kur

EsperantoEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)

VerbEdit

kuru

  1. imperative of kuri

FijianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Central-Pacific *kuru, from Proto-Oceanic *kuruq, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *guruq.

NounEdit

kuru (plural kurukuru)

  1. thunder (sound caused by a lightning)

FinnishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈkuru/, [ˈkuru]
  • Rhymes: -uru
  • Syllabification: ku‧ru

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Finnic *kuru (compare Estonian kuru), from Proto-Finno-Ugric *kure (compare Komi-Zyrian кыр (kyr), Eastern Mari курык (kuryk), Khanty кор (kor)).

NounEdit

kuru

  1. (geography) gorge, gulch, ravine, flume (narrow v-shaped valley, often with water running through)
  2. canyon
DeclensionEdit
Inflection of kuru (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
nominative kuru kurut
genitive kurun kurujen
partitive kurua kuruja
illative kuruun kuruihin
singular plural
nominative kuru kurut
accusative nom. kuru kurut
gen. kurun
genitive kurun kurujen
partitive kurua kuruja
inessive kurussa kuruissa
elative kurusta kuruista
illative kuruun kuruihin
adessive kurulla kuruilla
ablative kurulta kuruilta
allative kurulle kuruille
essive kuruna kuruina
translative kuruksi kuruiksi
instructive kuruin
abessive kurutta kuruitta
comitative kuruineen
Possessive forms of kuru (type valo)
possessor singular plural
1st person kuruni kurumme
2nd person kurusi kurunne
3rd person kurunsa
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From English kuru, from Fore kúru (trembling, shivering; kuru).

NounEdit

kuru

  1. (medicine) kuru.
DeclensionEdit
Inflection of kuru (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
nominative kuru
genitive kurun
partitive kurua
illative kuruun
singular plural
nominative kuru
accusative nom. kuru
gen. kurun
genitive kurun
partitive kurua
inessive kurussa
elative kurusta
illative kuruun
adessive kurulla
ablative kurulta
allative kurulle
essive kuruna
translative kuruksi
instructive
abessive kurutta
comitative
Possessive forms of kuru (type valo)
possessor singular plural
1st person kuruni kurumme
2nd person kurusi kurunne
3rd person kurunsa

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


Guinea-Bissau CreoleEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Portuguese couro.

NounEdit

kuru

  1. skin
  2. leather

JapaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

kuru

  1. Rōmaji transcription of くる

JavaneseEdit

Alternative formsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

kuru (ngoko kuru, krama kera)

  1. skinny

LatvianEdit

PronounEdit

kuru

  1. accusative singular masculine form of kurš
  2. instrumental singular masculine form of kurš
  3. genitive plural masculine form of kurš
  4. accusative singular feminine form of kurš
  5. instrumental singular feminine form of kurš
  6. genitive plural feminine form of kurš

VerbEdit

kuru

  1. 1st person singular present indicative form of kurt

Lower SorbianEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

kuru

  1. accusative singular of kura
  2. instrumental singular of kura

MaoriEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *kuluʀ.

NounEdit

kuru

  1. breadfruit

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Nuclear Polynesian *kulu (to strike)

VerbEdit

kuru (passive kurua or kurungia or kurutia)

  1. to strike with a fist; to pound or thump

NounEdit

kuru

  1. mallet; fragment; hammer-head stone

Ngan'gityemerriEdit

NounEdit

kuru

  1. (Ngan'gimerri) water

SynonymsEdit

  • kuri (Ngan'gikurunggurr)

ReferencesEdit

  • Tryon, Darrell T. (1970) An introduction to Maranungku (Northern Australia) (quoted online in ASJP)

PitjantjatjaraEdit

NounEdit

kuru

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

PolishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈku.ru/
  • Rhymes: -uru
  • Syllabification: ku‧ru

NounEdit

kuru m inan

  1. genitive singular of kur

PortugueseEdit

NounEdit

kuru m (uncountable)

  1. kuru (central nervous system disease among the Fore people)

QuechuaEdit

NounEdit

kuru

  1. worm, caterpillar

DeclensionEdit


RasawaEdit

NounEdit

kuru

  1. woman

Further readingEdit

  • Palmer, Bill (2017) The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area, →ISBN, table 95, Comparative basic vocabulary in Lakes Plain Languages, page 531

ShonaEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Bantu *-kʊ́dʊ́.

AdjectiveEdit

-kúrú

  1. big, large
  2. great
  3. adult

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

InflectionEdit


SlovakEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

kuru f

  1. accusative singular of kura

TurkishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Ottoman Turkish قورو‎, from Proto-Turkic *kūr. Cognate with Azerbaijani quru, Tatar коры (qorı), Karachay-Balkar къуру (quru), Uzbek quruq, Uyghur قۇرۇق(quruq), Khakas хуруғ (xuruğ), Chuvash хӑрӑк (hărăk, dry (of wood)).


AdjectiveEdit

kuru

  1. dry
  2. emaciated
  3. depleted
AntonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

kuru

  1. definite accusative singular of kur

YorubaEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

kúrú

  1. to be short
    Antonym: ga

Derived termsEdit