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Japanese Hiragana kyokashotai TA.png
U+305F, た
HIRAGANA LETTER TA

[U+305E]
Hiragana
[U+3060]
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Stroke order
4 strokes

Contents

JapaneseEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Derived in the Heian period from writing the man'yōgana kanji in the cursive sōsho style.

SyllableEdit

(romaji ta)

  1. The hiragana syllable (ta). Its equivalent in katakana is (ta). It is the sixteenth syllable in the gojūon order; its position is (ta-gyō a-dan, row ta, section a).
Derived termsEdit
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Short form of たれ (tare).

PronounEdit

(rōmaji ta)

  1. interrogative personal pronoun; who
    • c. late 9th – mid-10th century, Taketori Monogatari
      あの書をきし文を讀み聞かせけれど、「なにせむにか命もおしからむ。が為にか。何事も用もなし」とて[...]

Etymology 3Edit

From たる (taru), the 連体形 (rentaikei, adnominal form) of the classical auxiliary たり (tari).

Alternative formsEdit

  • (da) (when following -b, -g, -m, and -n base verbs)

SuffixEdit

(rōmaji -ta) (jodōshi)

  1. Indicates a past or completed action.
  2. Indicates the realization of a situation that has not realized.
  3. (modifying a noun) Indicates the resulting state of an action.
    Synonyms: てある (-te aru), ている (-te iru)
  4. (at the end of a sentence)
    1. Indicates speaker's declaration, confirmation, or sudden realization.
    2. Makes a light command.

Usage notesEdit

  • This suffix follows the 音便 (onbin, euphonic changes) forms of certain verb classes, some of which cause the suffix (-ta) to be voiced as (-da).
  • In traditional Japanese grammar, this is a 助動詞 (jodōshi, auxiliary verb) with the defective paradigm たろ (taro), --, (ta), (ta), たら (tara), --. The 未然形 (mizenkei, irrealis or incomplete form) たろ (taro) is used to derive the past conjectural suffix たろう (-tarō), which is now old-fashioned and taken over by だろう (darō) following the past form. The 仮定形 (kateikei, hypothetical stem) たら (-tara-) used to further take the conditional particle (-ba), but now usually stands on its own to form the conditional.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit