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JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From English shovel.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

しゃべる (rōmaji shaberu)

  1. シャベル: a shovel

Etymology 2Edit

First appears in the 1603 Nippo Jisho Japanese-Portuguese dictionary.[2][3] Further derivation unknown.

PronunciationEdit

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "しゃべる"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
しゃべる しゃ [shàbéꜜrù]
Imperative (命令形) しゃべれ しゃ [shàbéꜜrè]
Key constructions
Passive しゃべられる しゃべられ [shàbéráréꜜrù]
Causative しゃべらせる しゃべらせ [shàbéráséꜜrù]
Potential しゃべれる しゃべれ [shàbéréꜜrù]
Volitional しゃべろう しゃべろ [shàbéróꜜò]
Negative しゃべらない しゃべらない [shàbéráꜜnàì]
Negative perfective しゃべらなかった しゃべらなかった [shàbéráꜜnàkàttà]
Formal しゃべります しゃべりま [shàbérímáꜜsù]
Perfective しゃべった しゃった [shàbéꜜttà]
Conjunctive しゃべって しゃって [shàbéꜜttè]
Hypothetical conditional しゃべれば しゃれば [shàbéꜜrèbà]

VerbEdit

しゃべる (godan conjugation, rōmaji shaberu)

  1. 喋る: to talk, to speak, to chat, to chatter; to let secrets out

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  3. ^ 1603, 日葡辞書: パリ本 / Vocabulario da Lingoa Iapam (Nippo Jisho: Paris edition / Vocabulary of the Language of Japan) (in Japanese and Portuguese), 1976 reprint, Tōkyō: Bensei Publishing, text here