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JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Originally a compound of Old Japanese elements (ko, this, pronoun) +‎ (no, possessive, modifies following noun). as a pronoun is no longer used individually in modern Japanese.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

AdnominalEdit

この (rōmaji kono)

  1. (deictically) this ... (near the speaker)
    この (くるま) (みどり)です。
    Kono kuruma wa midori desu.
    This car is green.
  2. (anaphorically) this ... I am talking about (only the speaker knows)
  3. prefixes words for insults, used for emphasis; compare Vietnamese này (this)
    この ()鹿 ()ね!
    Kono baka ne!
    You idiot!
    (literally, “This idiot!”)
    このボケ!
    Kono boke!
    You halfwit!
  4. I, me: prefixes one's own name, used arrogantly to refer to oneself
    • 2003 September 22, Uraku, Akinobu, “だい60 しょうじょけつ [Chapter 60: A Girl’s Resolve]”, in とうきょうアンダーグラウンド [Tokyo Underground], volume 11 (fiction), Square Enix, →ISBN, pages 30–31:
      これがこの (セキ) (スー) (ペイ) (ちょう) (てん)たらしめる (ほのお)だッ!!!
      Kore ga kono Seki o Sūpei no chōten tarashimeru honō da'!!!
      This is the flame that helped put me, Seki, at the top of the Supei!!!
Usage notesEdit
  • This term can only be used when followed by a noun or noun phrase. It cannot be used as a standalone pronoun. Examples:
    • Correct:
      この (いろ) ()きです。Kono iro ga suki desu.I like this color.
      • A noun follows kono.
    • Incorrect:
      この ()きです。Kono ga suki desu.I like this ...
      • There must be a noun in place of the "...".
      • Using kono in this way is comparable to using English the without a noun after it (*I like the.).
  • Almost always spelled in hiragana as この.
See alsoEdit
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

/kokono//kono/

Abbreviation of Old Japanese kokono (“nine”).

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NumberEdit

この (rōmaji kono)

  1. (dated) nine
    ひい、ふう、みい、よう、いつ、むう、なな、やあ、この、とお。
    Hī, fū, mī, yō, itsu, mū, nana, yā, kono, tō.
    One, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten.
Usage notesEdit

Generally only used when counting out loud, as in the example above. In writing, usually found spelled out in hiragana as この to make the reading unambiguous.

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN