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ChineseEdit

 
o'clock; time; when; hour; season; period
 
interstice; separate; between; among; space; (measure word)
trad. (時間)
simp. (时间)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2 2/2
Initial () (25) (28) (28)
Final () (19) (73) (73)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () III II II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑɨ/ /kˠɛn/ /kˠɛnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑɨ/ /kᵚæn/ /kᵚænH/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑie/ /kæn/ /kænH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑɨ/ /kəɨn/ /kəɨnH/
Li
Rong
/ʑiə/ /kɛn/ /kɛnH/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭə/ /kæn/ /kænH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi/ /kăn/ /kănH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chí jiān jiàn

NounEdit

時間

  1. (uncountable) time (the inevitable passing of events from future to present then past)
    愛惜時間 / 爱惜时间  ―  àixī shíjiān  ―  to treasure time
    浪費時間 / 浪费时间  ―  làngfèi shíjiān  ―  to waste time
    打發時間 / 打发时间  ―  dǎfa shíjiān  ―  to kill time
    時間等人 / 时间等人  ―  Shíjiān bù děngrén.  ―  Time waits for no one.
    時間 / 时间  ―  Shíjiān cuī rén lǎo.  ―  Time ages us.
    時間來得及 / 时间来得及  ―  Shíjiān hái láidejí.  ―  All in good time.
    抓緊時間 / 抓紧时间  ―  Zhuājǐn shíjiān!  ―  Get a move on!
  2. (countable) time (a quantity of availability in time) (Classifier: m)
  3. (countable) time (a measurement of a quantity of time; a numerical indication of a length of time) (Classifier: m)
  4. (uncountable) free time; leisure; spare time

SynonymsEdit

Coordinate termsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (時間):

Further readingEdit


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
かん
Grade: 2
on’yomi

EtymologyEdit

Probably originally borrowed from Middle Chinese compound 時間 (dzyi kɛn, literally time interval). Repurposed in the early Meiji period as a translation of the western term time in relation to philosophy in the 1881 publication of 哲学字彙 (Tetsugaku Jii, Philosophy Dictionary) compiled by Inoue Tetsujirō.[1]

The reading is a mix of the goon reading ji and the kan'on reading kan, suggesting either that the reading changed after borrowing (from the expected goon pronunciation of jiken or the expected kan'on pronunciation of shikan), or that this term was independently coined in Japanese after the constituent terms  () (ji) and  (かん) (kan) were borrowed.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

時間 (hiragana じかん, rōmaji jikan)

  1. time
    時間 (じかん)ありますか?
    Jikan wa arimasu ka?
    Do you have any time?
    時間 (じかん)いつでも大丈夫 (だいじょうぶ)です。
    Jikan wa itsu de mo daijōbu desu.
    Any time works for me.
    (literally, “As for time, whenever is fine.”)
    もうこんな時間 (じかん)
    Mō konna jikan!
    My, will you look at the time!
    (literally, “[it's] already this sort of time!”)
    時間 (じかん)ルーズ
    jikan ni rūzu
    never on time
    (literally, “lax about time”)
    時間 (じかん)空間 (くうかん)関係 (かんけい)
    jikan to kūkan no kankei
    the relationship between time and space
  2. hour
    1 (いち)時間 (じかん)60分 (ろくじっぷん)です。
    Ichi-jikan wa rokujippundesu.
    One hour is 60 minutes.
  3. the hours or time when something happens
    試験 (しけん)時間 (じかん) (おく)れた
    shiken jikan ni okureta
    was late for the exam
    (literally, “late to the time of the exam”)
    営業 (えいぎょう)時間 (じかん)月火水 (げつかすい)午前 (ごぜん) () ()から () () () ()までです。
    Eigyō jikan wa getsu-ka-sui, gozen ku-ji kara gogo ni-ji made desu.
    Business hours are Monday to Wednesday, 9 AM to 2 PM.
    開館 (かいかん)時間 (じかん)
    kaikan jikan
    hours of operation
    時間 (じかん)です!
    Jikan desu!
    Time's up!
    (literally, “It's time!”)
    閉園 (へいえん)時間 (じかん)です!
    Heien no jikan desu!
    We're closing now!
    (literally, “It's time for our closing!”)
    あまり時間 (じかん)がなくてすみません
    amari jikan ga nakute sumimasen
    sorry for not having the time [to do something]

Usage notesEdit

The more general word for time, as in "when something happens", is (toki).

  •  (うみ) () ()った (とき)
    umibe ni itta toki
    the time I went to the beach, when I went to the beach

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

See alsoEdit

CounterEdit

時間 (hiragana じかん, rōmaji -jikan)

  1. an hour-long period
     (いち)時間 (じかん) ()時間 (じかん) ()時間 (じかん) (はん)
    ichi-jikan, ni-jikan, go-jikan han
    one hour, two hours, five and a half hours
     (なん)時間 (じかん)かかりそうです。
    Nan-jikan mo kakari sō desu.
    Apparently it will take many hours.

See alsoEdit

Japanese number-counter combinations for  () (かん) (jikan)
1 2 3 4 5
 (いち) () (かん) (ichijikan)  () () (かん) (nijikan)  (さん) () (かん) (sanjikan)  () () (かん) (yojikan)  () () (かん) (gojikan)
6 7 8 9 10
 (ろく) () (かん) (rokujikan)  (しち) () (かん) (shichijikan)
 (なな) () (かん) (nanajikan)
 (はち) () (かん) (hachijikan)  () () (かん) (kujikan)  (じゅう) () (かん) (jūjikan)
100 1,000 10,000 How many?
 (ひゃく) () (かん) (hyakujikan)  (せん) () (かん) (senjikan)  (いち) (まん) () (かん) (ichimanjikan)  (なん) () (かん) (nanjikan)

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  • 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

時間 (sigan) (hangeul 시간)

  1. Hanja form? of 시간 (time, an hour or hours).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

NounEdit

時間

  1. Hán tự form of thời gian (time).