Last modified on 20 May 2015, at 11:19

時間

ChineseEdit

 
o'clock; time; when; hour; season; period
 
interstice; separate; between; among; space; (measure word)
trad. (時間)
simp. (时间)

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

時間

  1. time (the inevitable passing of events from future to present then past)
    時間 [MSC, trad.]
    时间 [MSC, simp.]
    Shíjiān cuī rén lǎo. [Pinyin]
    Time ages us.
    時間來得及 [MSC, trad.]
    时间来得及 [MSC, simp.]
    Shíjiān hái láidejí. [Pinyin]
    All in good time.
  2. time (a quantity of availability in time)
  3. time (a measurement of a quantity of time; a numerical indication of a length of time)

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (時間):


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
かん
Grade: 2
on'yomi

EtymologyEdit

Probably from Middle Chinese compound 時間 (dzyi kɛn, literally time interval).

The reading is a mix of goon ji and kan'on kan, suggesting either that the reading changed after borrowing (from the expected goon pronunciation of jiken or the expected kan'on pronunciation of shikan), or that this term was independently coined in Japanese after the constituent terms  () (ji) and  (かん) (kan) were borrowed.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

時間 (hiragana じかん, romaji jikan)

  1. Time.
    時間 (じかん) (なん)ですか。
    Jikan wa nan desu ka.
    What is the time?
  2. An hour.
     (なん)時間 (じかん)もかかりそうです。
    Nan jikan mo kakari sō desu.
    Apparently it will take many hours.
  3. The hours or time when something happens.
    財布 (さいふ) ()ってきて! () (もの)時間 (じかん)ですよ!
    Saifu o motte kite!Kaimono no jikan desu yo!
    Bring your wallet! It's shopping time!
    営業 (えいぎょう)時間 (じかん)月火水 (げつかすい)午前9時 (ごぜんくじ)から午後2時 (ごごにじ)までです。
    Eigyō jikan wa getsu ka sui, gozen kuji kara gogo niji made desu.
    Business hours are Monday to Wednesday, 9 AM to 2 PM.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

CounterEdit

時間 (hiragana じかん, romaji -jikan)

  1. an hour-long period
     (いち)時間 (じかん) ()時間 (じかん) ()時間 (じかん) (はん)
    ichi-jikan, ni-jikan, go-jikan han
    one hour, two hours, five and a half hours

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  • 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this word

NounEdit

時間 (sigan) (hangeul 시간)

  1. Hanja form? of 시간, “time, an hour or hours”.

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this word

NounEdit

時間

  1. Hán tự form of thời gian, "time"