See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
私-bw.png

Han characterEdit

(radical 115 +2, 7 strokes, cangjie input 竹木戈 (HDI), four-corner 22930, composition)

  1. private, personal
  2. secret

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 849, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24913
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1271, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2589, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+79C1

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (16)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/siɪ/ /si/ /si/ /si/ /si/ /si/ /sjɪ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ sij › /*[s]əj/ private

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11949 1 /*sil/

AdjectiveEdit

  1. personal; private

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. Private, personal.
  2. I, me.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

‎(hiragana わたし, romaji watashi)

‎(hiragana わたくし, romaji watakushi) more formal
‎(hiragana あたし, romaji atashi) generally only used by women when referring to themselves
  1. I (first person pronoun)
     (わたし)はイギリス (じん)です。
    Watashi wa igirisu-jin desu.
    I'm English.
     (わたし) (だれ)ですか。
    Watashi wa dare desu ka.
    Who am I?

Usage notesEdit

わたし is the usual polite term for referring to oneself; わたくし is formal, and only used in certain circumstances, such as by TV announcers or public figures such as politicians. Conversely, it is too formal for casual conversation for men, where terms like (for men) are preferred.

See alsoEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(sa) (hangeul , revised sa, McCune-Reischauer sa, Yale sa)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(, tây)

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