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Japanese Hiragana kyokashotai TE.png
U+3066, て
HIRAGANA LETTER TE

[U+3065]
Hiragana
[U+3067]
See also: , ح, ج, خ, and Շ

Contents

JapaneseEdit

Stroke order
 

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Derived in the Heian period from writing the man'yōgana kanji in the cursive sōsho style.

SyllableEdit

(romaji te)

  1. The hiragana syllable (te). Its equivalent in katakana is (te). It is the nineteenth syllable in the gojūon order; its position is (ta-gyō e-dan, row ta, section e).
Derived termsEdit
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

(rōmaji te)

  1. : hand

Etymology 3Edit

From the continuative form (連用形) of the auxiliary verb .

ParticleEdit

(rōmaji te)

  1. Links two or more phrases.
    1. Links actions that happen successively.
       (いえ) (かえ)、テレビを ()た。
      Ie ni kaette, terebi o mita.
      Returned home and watched TV.
    2. Indicates reason.
      説明 (せつめい)上手 (じょうず)、よくわかった。
      Setsumei ga jōzu de, yoku wakatta.
      The explanation was great so I understood it well.
    3. Indicates method.
       (ある)
      aruite
      on foot
    4. Lists things in parallel.
    5. () Shows emphasis or repetition.
  2. Request maker sentence-final particle.
  3. Alternative form of って, used after an sound.
    こまちゃん ()うな――!!
    Koma-chan te iuna――!!
    Don't call me Koma-chan!
Usage notesEdit
  • Attaches to the continuative form (連用形) of verbs and adjectives, and adverbs. For godan (Group I) verbs, contraction rules might apply, and the might subsequently become a . For na-adjectives (形容動詞), one simply changes the copula to , which is a contraction of . Textbooks intended for non-native speakers might treat “continuative + ” as a conjugated form for verbs (and adjectives) called the te-form (て形/テ形) or the conjunctive form. What applies to the particle in “school grammar” applies to the te-form in alternate grammar systems.
  • In formal writing, one often drops the phrase linker (along with any contraction) and uses the continuative form to make pauses mid-sentence, except when the carries a meaning such as reason or condition. This is called 連用中止.
  • The verb before does not indicate tense. However, there are two ways to show negativity: なくて and ないで.
  • The particle (or the te-form) is also used in many grammatical expressions.