|(negative prefix); not; no||
follow; from; it is for...to; reason; cause; because of; due to; by; to; to leave it (to sb)
a sentence particle used after a verb to show effect; degree or possibility; to have to; must; ought to; to need to; obtain; get; gain; proper; suitable; proud; contented; allow; permit; ready; finished
|simp. and trad.
- (Intermediate Mandarin) can't help, cannot but