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TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 169 +4, 12 strokes, cangjie input 日弓一廿 (ANMT), four-corner 77441, composition(U+958B) or ⿵(U+2F9EE))

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit


ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Qin slip script Ancient script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (door) +  (latch) +  (a pair of hands) — a pair of hands opening a latched door. and are combined into since the seal script.

Etymology 1Edit

trad.
simp. *
alt. forms 𫔭 obsolete Singapore simp.
𨵑
  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • kŭi - vernacular;
  • kăi - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • khui - vernacular;
    • khai - literary.
    Note:
    • kui1 - vernacular;
    • kai1 - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (29)
    Final () (41)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʰʌi/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʰəi/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kʰɒi/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kʰəj/
    Li
    Rong
    /kʰᴀi/
    Wang
    Li
    /kʰɒi/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kʰɑ̆i/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    kāi
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    kāi kāi
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ khoj › ‹ khoj ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*Nə-[k]ʰˤəj/ /*[k]ʰˤəj/
    English to open (v.i.) to open (v.t.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 7348
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰɯːl/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to open; to unlatch; to unfasten
    2. to start; to turn on; to switch on
      • 電燈 / 电灯  ―  kāi diàndēng  ―  to switch the light on
      • 電腦 / 电脑  ―  kāi diànnǎo  ―  to turn on the computer
    3. to begin; to start
    4. to boil; to seethe
    5. to write out (a prescription, check, invoice, etc.)
    6. to book (a hotel room)
    7. to operate/run a business
    8. to operate; to drive (a vehicle)
    9. apart; away
    10. (Cantonese) Habitual aspect particle.
    11. (physics) Short for 開爾文开尔文 (kāi'ěrwén, “kelvin”).
    12. A surname​.
    SynonymsEdit
    AntonymsEdit
    CompoundsEdit
    DescendantsEdit
    • → Lao: ໄຂ (khai, open)
    • → Thai: ไข (kǎi, open)

    Etymology 2Edit

    trad.
    simp. *
    alt. forms 𫔭 obsolete Singapore simp.
    K

    Borrowing from English K (karat).

    PronunciationEdit

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. karat (measure of gold purity)
    CompoundsEdit

    JapaneseEdit

     
    Ryakuji for 開, based on ryakuji for ; compare also and 𫔭.

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. open

    ReadingsEdit

    AntonymsEdit

    Derived termsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (gae) (hangeul , revised gae, McCune-Reischauer kae, Yale kay)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (khai, khơi, khui)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.