Japanese edit

Etymology 1 edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
kun’yomi
Alternative spellings
数奇 (rare)
数寄 (rare)

The (れん)(よう)(けい) (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of the verb () (suku, to like, to be fond of, to enjoy, to feel love for).[1][2]

First cited to the late 900s in the 宇津保物語 (Utsubo Monogatari).[1]

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

() (suki-na (adnominal () (suki na), adverbial () (suki ni))

  1. liked, favorite
    Antonym: 嫌い
    ()()(もの)は? アイスクリームです。
    Suki na tabemono wa? Aisu kurīmu desu.
    What's your favorite food? - It's ice cream.
    (きみ)()だからこそこれほど(がん)()っているんだよ。
    Kimi ga suki da kara koso kore hodo ganbatte iru n da yo.
    It's precisely because I like you [because of my fondness for you] that I'm working this hard.
    ()です。
    Suki desu.
    “I like you.” → idiomatically used to express: “I love you.”
    どうとも()にしなさい。
    Dō to mo suki ni shinasai.
    Feel free to do as you like.
Usage notes edit

Used as an adjective to describe the thing that is liked. Note that this is different from English, where the term like is used as a verb describing the action of having a fondness or preference for something. The verb from which this term is derived, however, () (suku), more closely resembles the verbal usage of like in English.

Inflection edit

Noun edit

() (suki

  1. fondness, favor, favour
    ()こそものの(じょう)()なれ
    Suki koso mono no jōzu nare
    Your fondness helps improve your skill. → Who likes not his business, his business doesn't like him.
Derived terms edit

Suffix edit

() (-zuki

  1. aficionado; enthusiast
    ゲーム()として()れている
    gēmu-zuki toshite shirareteiru
    known as a game enthusiast

Etymology 2 edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
kun’yomi

Adjective edit

() (yoki

  1. (Classical Japanese or literary) attributive of 好し

References edit

  1. 1.0 1.1 好・数奇・数寄”, in 日本国語大辞典 (Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, Nihon Kokugo Daijiten)[1] (in Japanese), concise edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 2000
  2. 2.0 2.1 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK Publishing, →ISBN