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JapaneseEdit

 
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Kanji in this term
しょう
Grade: 6
ぐん
Grade: 4
on’yomi

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

/sjauɡun//ɕauɡun//ɕɔːɡun//ɕoːɡun/

From Middle Chinese compound 將軍 (tsjangH kjun, literally leader + army). Compare modern Min Nan chiong-kun, Minangkabau ciŏng-gŭng.

NounEdit

将軍 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 將軍, hiragana しょうぐん, rōmaji shōgun, historical hiragana しやうぐん)

  1. commander of troops
  2. (military) general
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
Usage notesEdit

In modern military system, 将軍 refers to any military officers who have the ranks with the character , i.e. 大将 (taishō), 中将 (chūjō), 少将 (shōshō), and 准将 (junshō).

Etymology 2Edit

From an abbreviation of 征夷大将軍 (seii taishōgun), meaning “the general who overcomes the barbarians”.[2]

NounEdit

将軍 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 將軍, hiragana しょうぐん, rōmaji shōgun, historical hiragana しやうぐん)

  1. the supreme generalissimo of feudal Japan: the shogun

See alsoEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan