ChineseEdit

stage curtain; tent prefecture; mansion
simp. and trad.
(幕府)
 
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PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (4) (1)
Final () (103) (24)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mɑk̚/ /pɨoX/
Pan
Wuyun
/mɑk̚/ /pioX/
Shao
Rongfen
/mɑk̚/ /pioX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/mak̚/ /puə̆X/
Li
Rong
/mɑk̚/ /pioX/
Wang
Li
/mɑk̚/ /pĭuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mɑk̚/ /pi̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ mak › ‹ pjuX ›
Old
Chinese
/*mˁak/ /*p(r)oʔ/
English covering repository

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 9257 3511
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*maːɡ/ /*poʔ/

NounEdit

幕府

  1. (historical) office of a commanding officer in ancient China
  2. (historical) shogunate (administration of a shogun)

Derived termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
ばく
Grade: 6

Grade: 4
kan’on

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese 幕府 (MC mɑk̚ pɨoX). The kan'on reading, so likely a later borrowing.

Originally referred to the tents or encampment of the commanders of a military force in the field. This then extended to refer to the command structure, and then to the form of government under a shōgun.[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

幕府(ばくふ) (bakufu

  1. (historical) shogunate (the government under a shogun)
  2. (historical) the tents or encampment of the commanders of a military force in the field

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

幕府 (makbu) (hangeul 막부)

  1. Hanja form? of 막부 (shogunate).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

NounEdit

幕府

  1. Hán tự form of mạc phủ (shogunate).