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JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 5
kun'yomi

VerbEdit

居る (intransitive, ichidan conjugation, hiragana いる, rōmaji iru, historical hiragana ゐる)

  1. (of animate objects) to exist, to be
    あなたがいない (なに)もできない
    anata ga inai to nani mo dekinai
    I can't do anything if you aren't there
  2. (of animate objects) to have
    彼氏 (かれし)います
    Kareshi imasu ka?
    Do you have a boyfriend?
  3. (after a verb in the て conjunctive form) to be (doing); indicates a progressive or continuous sense; See ている
     (あさ) (はん) ()べていますか?
    Asagohan o tabete imasu ka?
    Are you eating breakfast?
Usage notesEdit
ConjugationEdit
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 5
kun'yomi

VerbEdit

居る (intransitive, godan conjugation, hiragana おる, rōmaji oru, historical hiragana をる)

  1. (of animate objects) to exist, to be, to have
    • むかしあるところに一人 (ひとり) (よく)ばりの (ぼう)さんがおりました。[1]
      Mukashi aru tokoro ni hitori no yokubari no bōsan ga orimashita.
      Once upon a time, there was a grasping priest somewhere.
  2. (after a verb in the て conjunctive form) to be (doing); indicates a progressive or continuous sense; ておる (teoru) is often transformed to とる (toru)
    • ぼくは ()をほそめて (うみ) ()おった[2]
      Boku wa me o hosomete umi o miteotta
      I was staring at the sea with a squinted eye
  3. (Chugoku, Shikoku, Kyushu, after a verb in the conjunctive form) to be (doing); a continuous sense; often transformed to よる (yoru)
    • 毎朝 (まいあさ) (わたし)観音様 (かんのんさま)にお (がん) ()よるんじゃものきっと (とお)るわ。[3]
      Maiasa, watashi, kannon-sama ni o-gan o kakeyoru n ja mono kitto tōru wa.
      Since I am making a wish to kannon every morning, he must pass an examination.
Usage notesEdit
  • A variation of いる (iru) used mainly in western Japan.
  • In standard Japanese, it is usually used in humble language (謙譲語) or polite language (丁寧語) as おります form or in certain archaic/literary expressions.
ConjugationEdit