U+5C45, 居
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5C45

[U+5C44]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5C46]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 44 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 尸十口 (SJR), four-corner 77264, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 300, character 30
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7663
  • Dae Jaweon: page 597, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 968, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5C45

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kaːls
*kaːls
*kɯ, *kas
*kaː, *kʰaː
*kaː
*kaː
*kaː
*kaː, *kaːs, *ɡaːʔ
*kaː
*kaː
*kaː, *kaːʔ, *kaːs
*kaː, *kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːs
*kaːs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kʰaː
*kʰaː
*kʰaː
*kʰaː
*kʰaːʔ, *kʰaːs
*qʰaː, *ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaːʔ
*ɡaːʔ
*ɡaːʔ
*ɡaːʔ, *ɡaːɡs
*ɡaːʔ
*ka
*ka
*ka
*ka, *kas, *kʰa
*ka
*ka
*ka
*ka
*ka, *ɡa
*kas
*kas
*kas
*ɡaːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kɯ, *kas): semantic  + phonetic (OC *kaːʔ).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (28) (28)
Final () (19) (22)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨ/ /kɨʌ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɨ/ /kiɔ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kie/ /kiɔ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɨ/ /kɨə̆/
Li
Rong
/kiə/ /kiɔ/
Wang
Li
/kĭə/ /kĭo/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki/ /ki̯wo/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ kjo › ‹ kjo › ‹ kjoH ›
Old
Chinese
/*k(r)a/ /*ka/ /*k(r)a-s/ (based on rhyme evidence)
English squat; stay, dwell final particle dwelling

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 4209 4264
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kɯ/ /*kas/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to live; to dwell; to reside
  2. to occupy; to rank
  3. to claim
  4. to stay put
  5. house; residence; dwelling
  6. restaurant

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. to sit

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
きょ
Grade: 5
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (kjo).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana きょ, romaji kyo)

  1. residence

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 5
kun'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji i, historical hiragana )

  1. residence
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(geo, gi) (hangeul , , revised geo, gi, McCune-Reischauer kŏ, ki)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

()

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.